Organizational Systems

Managing Complexity with the Viable System Model

  • Raul Espejo
  • Alfonso Reyes

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Concepts and the Viable System Model

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-2
    2. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 3-19
    3. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 33-47
    4. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 49-73
    5. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 75-89
  3. Viplan Method

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-114
    2. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 115-133
    3. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 165-186
    4. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 187-210
  4. Methodology and Systemic Thinking

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 211-212
    2. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 213-232
    3. Raul Espejo, Alfonso Reyes
      Pages 233-255
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 257-264

About this book


This book clarifies the application of cybernetic ideas, particularly those of Beer's Viable System Model, to organizational diagnosis and design. Readers learn to appreciate the relevance of seeing the systemic coherence of the world. The book argues that many of the problems we experience today are routed in our practice of fragmenting that that needs to be connected as a whole. It offers a method to study and design organizations and a methodology to deal with implementation problems. It is the outcome of many years of working experience with government offices as well as with all kinds of public and private enterprises. At a more detailed level this book offers an in depth discussion of variety engineering that is not available either in the primary or secondary literature.


Complexity Diagnosis and design of organizational structures Organizational Systems Performative problems Viable System Model

Authors and affiliations

  • Raul Espejo
    • 1
  • Alfonso Reyes
    • 2
  1. 1.Syncho Ltd.LincolnUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Universidad de IbagueIbagueColombia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-19108-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-19109-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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