Animal Locomotion

  • Graham K. Taylor
  • Michael S. Triantafyllou
  • Cameron Tropea

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
  2. The Hydrodynamics of Swimming

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Florian T. Muijres, David Lentink
      Pages 27-35
    3. David N. Beal, Promode R. Bandyopadhyay
      Pages 37-44
    4. Marcus Hultmark, Megan Leftwich, Alexander J. Smits
      Pages 45-52
    5. Brenden P. Epps, Alexandra H. Techet
      Pages 53-62
    6. Steven W. Day, Timothy E. Higham, Peter C. Wainwright
      Pages 75-86
    7. Luis H. Cisneros, Ricardo Cortez, Christopher Dombrowski, Raymond E. Goldstein, John O. Kessler
      Pages 99-115
    8. M. A. R. Koehl, Matthew A. Reidenbach
      Pages 117-130
    9. David L. Hu, Manu Prakash, Brian Chan, John W. M. Bush
      Pages 131-140
    10. Robert G. Root, Hayden-William Courtland, William Shepherd, John H. Long Jr
      Pages 141-159
    11. Christoph Brücker, Horst Bleckmann
      Pages 161-172
  3. The Physics of Flying

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. Geoffrey R. Spedding, Anders Hedenström
      Pages 187-201
    3. Salman A. Ansari, Nathan Phillips, Graham Stabler, Peter C. Wilkins, Rafał Żbikowski, Kevin Knowles
      Pages 215-236
    4. Richard James Bomphrey, Graham K. Taylor, Adrian L. R. Thomas
      Pages 249-259
    5. Douglas L. Altshuler, Marko Princevac, Hansheng Pan, Jesse Lozano
      Pages 273-284
    6. Andrew M. Mountcastle, Thomas L. Daniel
      Pages 311-320
    7. Michael V. Ol, Luis Bernal, Chang-Kwon Kang, Wei Shyy
      Pages 321-339
    8. Miguel R. Visbal, Raymond E. Gordnier, Marshall C. Galbraith
      Pages 341-360
    9. Anders Hedenström, F. T. Muijres, R. von Busse, L. C. Johansson, Y. Winter, G. R. Spedding
      Pages 361-370
    10. Tatjana Y. Hubel, Nickolay I. Hristov, Sharon M. Swartz, Kenneth S. Breuer
      Pages 371-381
    11. Tatjana Y. Hubel, Cameron Tropea
      Pages 383-399
    12. Bret W. Tobalske, Jason W. D. Hearn, Douglas R. Warrick
      Pages 401-411
    13. Stephan Klan̈, Thomas Bachmann, Michael Klaas, Hermann Wagner, Wolfgang Schröder
      Pages 413-427
  4. Back Matter

About this book


The physical principles of swimming and flying in animals are intriguingly different from those of ships and airplanes. The study of animal locomotion therefore holds a special place not only at the frontiers of pure fluid dynamics research, but also in the applied field of biomimetics, which aims to emulate salient aspects of the performance and function of living organisms. For example, fluid dynamic loads are so significant for swimming fish that they are expected to have developed efficient flow control procedures through the evolutionary process of adaptation by natural selection, which might in turn be applied to the design of robotic swimmers. And yet, sharply contrasting views as to the energetic efficiency of oscillatory propulsion – especially for marine animals – demand a careful assessment of the forces and energy expended at realistic Reynolds numbers. For this and many other research questions, an experimental approach is often the most appropriate methodology. This holds as much for flying animals as it does for swimming ones, and similar experimental challenges apply – studying tethered as opposed to free locomotion, or studying the flow around robotic models as opposed to real animals. This book provides a wide-ranging snapshot of the state-of-the-art in experimental research on the physics of swimming and flying animals. The resulting picture reflects not only upon the questions that are of interest in current pure and applied research, but also upon the experimental techniques that are available to answer them.


Pitch development dynamics fish fluid dynamics vortices

Editors and affiliations

  • Graham K. Taylor
    • 1
  • Michael S. Triantafyllou
    • 2
  • Cameron Tropea
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Dept. Mechanical Engineering, Center for Ocean EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.FB 16 Maschinenbau, FG Strömungslehre und AerodynamikTU DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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