The Drift of Sea Ice

  • Matti Leppäranta

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Also part of the Geophysical Sciences book sub series (GEOPHYS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 1-9
  3. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 11-63
  4. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 65-106
  5. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 107-141
  6. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 143-184
  7. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 185-212
  8. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 213-257
  9. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 259-297
  10. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 299-307
  11. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 309-317
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 319-347

About this book


The Second Edition of The Drift of Sea Ice presents the fundamental laws of sea ice drift which come from the material properties of sea ice and the basic laws of mechanics. The resulting system of equations is analysed for the general properties of sea ice drift, the free drift model and analytical models for ice drift in the presence of internal friction, and the construction of numerical ice drift models is detailed. This second edition of a much lauded work, unique on this topic in the English language, has been revised, updated and expanded with much new information and outlines recent results, in particular in relation to the climate problem, mathematical modelling and ice engineering applications.

The current book presents the theory, observations, mathematical modelling techniques, and applications of sea ice drift science. The theory is presented from the beginning on a graduate student level, so that students and researchers coming from other fields such as physical oceanography, meteorology, physics, engineering, environmental sciences or geography can use the book as a source book or self-study material. First the drift ice material is presented ending with the concept of ‘ice state’ – the relevant properties in sea ice dynamics. Ice kinematics observations are widely presented with the mathematical analysis methods, and thereafter come drift ice rheology – to close the triangle material – kinematics – stress. The momentum equation of sea ice is derived in detail and its general properties are carefully analysed. Then follow two chapters on analytical models: free drift and drift in the presence of internal friction: These are very important tools in understanding the dynamical behaviour of sea ice. The last topical chapter is numerical models, which are the modern tool to solve ice dynamics problem in short term and long term problems. The closing chapter summarises sea ice dynamics applications and the need of sea ice dynamic knowledge and gives some final remarks on the future of this branch of science.


Drift science Drift velocity Ice-covered seas Sea ice

Authors and affiliations

  • Matti Leppäranta
    • 1
  1. 1.Div. GeophysicsUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Bibliographic information

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