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Precipitation: Advances in Measurement, Estimation and Prediction

  • Silas Michaelides

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXX
  2. Measurement of precipitation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Michael Schönhuber, Günter Lammer, Walter L. Randeu
      Pages 3-31
    3. Thomas Einfalt, Silas Michaelides
      Pages 101-126
  3. Estimation of precipitation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-129
    2. Arthur Y. Hou, Gail Skofronick-Jackson, Christian D. Kummerow, James Marshall Shepherd
      Pages 131-169
    3. Thomas Nauss, Boris Thies, Andreas Turek, Jörg Bendix, Alexander Kokhanovsky
      Pages 171-194
    4. Itamar M. Lensky, Vincenzo Levizzani
      Pages 195-217
    5. Mircea Grecu, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou
      Pages 219-230
  4. Ground estimation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Herman Russchenberg, Lennert Spek, Dmitri Moisseev, Christine Unal, Yann Dufournet, Chandrasekhar Venkatachalam
      Pages 285-312
  5. Underwater estimation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 341-341
    2. Eyal Amitai, Jeffrey A. Nystuen
      Pages 343-363
  6. Prediction of precipitation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 365-365
    2. Bodo Ahrens, Simon Jaun
      Pages 367-388
    3. Thomas Haiden, Martin Steinheimer
      Pages 389-417
    4. Andrea Rossa, Pertti Nurmi, Elizabeth Ebert
      Pages 419-452
    5. Nazario Tartaglione, Stefano Mariani, Christophe Accadia, Silas Michaelides, Marco Casaioli
      Pages 453-472
  7. Integration of measurement, estimation and prediction of precipitation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 473-473
    2. Roberto Cremonini, Renzo Bechini, Valentina Campana, Luca Tomassone
      Pages 475-491
    3. Marco Gabella, Silas Michaelides
      Pages 493-514
    4. Giovanni Perona, Marco Gabella, Riccardo Casale
      Pages 515-531
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 533-540

About this book

Introduction

Water cycling and the future availability of fresh water resources are immense societal concerns that impact all nations on Earth as it affects virtually every environmental issue. Precipitation is also a fundamental component of the weather/climate system for it regulates the global energy and radiation balance through coupling to clouds, water vapor, global winds and atmospheric transport. Accurate and comprehensive information on precipitation is essential for understanding the global water/energy cycle and for a wide range of research and applications with practical benefits to society. However, rainfall is difficult to measure because precipitation systems tend to be random in character and also evolve and dissipate very rapidly. It is not uncommon to see a wide range of rain amounts over a small area; and in any given area, the amount of rain can vary significantly over a short time span. These factors together make precipitation difficult to quantify, yet measurements at such local scales are needed for many hydrometeorological applications such as flood and landslide forecasting. Historical, multi-decadal measurements of precipitation from surface-based rain gauges are available over continents, but oceans remained largely unobserved prior to the beginning of the satellite era. Early visible and infrared satellites provided information on cloud tops and their horizontal extent; however, wide-band microwave frequencies proved extremely useful for probing into the precipitating liquid and ice layers of clouds.

Keywords

Catalog Service for the Web Cloud Precipitation Radiometer Rain Scale remote sensing

Editors and affiliations

  • Silas Michaelides
    • 1
  1. 1.Meteorological ServiceCyprus

Bibliographic information

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