© 2008

Passive Eye Monitoring

Algorithms, Applications and Experiments

  • Riad I. Hammoud

Part of the Signals and Commmunication Technologies book series (SCT)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Introduction to Eye Monitoring

    1. Riad I. Hammoud, Jeffrey B. Mulligan
      Pages 1-19
  3. Low-Level Building-Blocks – Eye Region Modeling, Automatic Eye Position Detection, and Spatial Eye Position Tracking

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Takeo Kanade, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey F. Cohn
      Pages 23-53
    3. Nizar Bouguila, Riad I. Hammoud, Djemel Ziou
      Pages 55-81
  4. Mid-Level Building-Blocks – Gaze Calibration, Gaze & Eye Pose Tracking, and Eye Images Interpretation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 109-109
    2. Takehiko Ohno, Kenji Hara, Hirohito Inagaki
      Pages 111-131
    3. Carlos H. Morimoto, Flávio L. Coutinho
      Pages 133-152
    4. Ko Nishino, Shree K. Nayar
      Pages 153-177
  5. Gaze-based Interactions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 179-179
    2. Takehiko Ohno, Riad I. Hammoud
      Pages 181-193
    3. Mike G. Jones, Stavri G. Nikolov
      Pages 195-224
    4. Martin Böhme, Michael Dorr, Thomas Martinetz, Erhardt Barth
      Pages 225-243
  6. Eye Monitoring in Military and Security Realms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 245-245
    2. Sandra P. Marshall
      Pages 247-263
    3. Bogdan Hoanca, Kenrick Mock
      Pages 265-281
  7. Eye Monitoring in Automotive and Medicine

About this book


This practical reference provides you a comprehensive in-depth coverage of both theory and practice of cutting-edge Passive Eye (-Gaze) Monitoring technology. It describes and examines vision algorithms, Human Factors methodologies, and hardware build in eye-gaze monitoring systems designed for various real-world applications, along with practical issues, including performance on experimental subjects, real-time measurements, and user calibration, feedback and acceptance. It helps you to understand the motivations, activities, trends and directions of researchers and engineers in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction and Eye Tracking in today's market, and offers you a view of the future of this rapidly evolving technological area.

The book offers you a detailed description of vision algorithms and core building-blocks of a video-based eye tracking system (parts I and II), including: automatic detection of human eyes in videos, modeling the eyes' structure and appearance, tracking of spatial eye coordinates, identifying pupil, iris, eyelids, and eye-corners locations, estimating, calibrating and tracking a person's gaze direction, as well as interpreting and reconstructing displayed worlds' images on the eye's cornea. Part III through VI of this book provide a detailed coverage of recent successful use of eye monitoring systems, either as an interaction input device or a reliable source of data, in advanced applications including automotive, military, medicine, information security and retrieval, typing and reading, online search, marketing, gaze-contingent displays, augmented and virtual reality, and video gaming. Part III is on ``Gaze-Based Interactions'' and contains three chapters. Part IV includes two chapters on applications of eye monitoring in military and security realms. Part V presents recent deployment of the technology in automotive and medicine. The last part is on "Eye Monitoring in Information Retrieval and Interface Design Assessment".


Design Eye monitoring Information Natur Performance Rendering environment eye locator eye position tracking eye/gaze-based communicati fartigue model modeling technology visual distraction

Editors and affiliations

  • Riad I. Hammoud
    • 1
  1. 1.Delphi Electronics & Safety, World HeadquartersKokomoUSA

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