Efficient Management of Wastewater

Its Treatment and Reuse in Water-Scarce Countries

  • Ismail Al Baz
  • Ralf Otterpohl
  • Claudia Wendland
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Julika Post, Luigi Petta, Annika Kramer, Ismail Al Baz
    Pages 19-28
  3. Bassim Abbassi, Ismail Al Baz
    Pages 29-40
  4. T. A. Elmitwalli, A. Al-Sarawey, M. F. El-Sherbiny
    Pages 41-51
  5. Hussein I. Abdel-Shafy, Khaireya A. Guindi, Nevien S. Tawfik
    Pages 53-63
  6. J. E. Hall, R. Ebaid
    Pages 65-79
  7. Maha Halalsheh, Lina Abu Ghunmi, Nivin Al-Alami, Manar Fayyad
    Pages 81-89
  8. Nidal Mohmoud, Grietje Zeeman, Jules B. van Lier
    Pages 149-161
  9. Maha Halalsheh, Claudia Wendland
    Pages 177-186
  10. U. Braun, B. Lindner, T. Lohmann, J. Behrendt, R. Otterpohl
    Pages 215-225
  11. Samira Smirat, Stan Benjamin, Noel Keough
    Pages 269-281
  12. Ziad Al-Ghazawi, Jumah Amayreh, Laith Rousan, Amal Hijazi
    Pages 283-297
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 299-303

About these proceedings


Water reuse management is one of the challenges all water scarce countries have to deal with in the coming decades. Many Mediterranean countries are currently facing serious problems regarding the supply of sufficient water resources to cover their increasing water supply demands. In the year 2025, countries like Jordan, Israel and Palestine will have less than 150 cubic meters per capita and year. Other countries like Syria and Lebanon, at present classified as "water rich", will also face similar water stress problems during the next two decades. Therefore, these countries need water strategies that have to take into account alternative measures to cope with this situation. Water reuse is one of the essential options to be considered for the development of national water policies and strategies.

The present book highlights non-conventional solutions within the field of wastewater treatment and reuse predominantly for professionals and decision makers. It focuses on technologies like anaerobic and extensive treatment of municipal, domestic wastewater and grey water which are reliable, sustainable, low cost and suitable for rural and sub urban areas. Additionally, particular innovative on site concepts are presented. Within water reuse as overall objective, guidelines and recommendations as well as social aspects of water reuse are presented and discussed.


Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Natural Wastewater Treatment Water Reuse Water Scarce Countries Water supply development

Editors and affiliations

  • Ismail Al Baz
    • 1
  • Ralf Otterpohl
    • 2
  • Claudia Wendland
    • 2
  1. 1.InWEnt, Internationale Weiterbildung und Entwicklung gGmbHCapacity Building InternationalAmmanGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Wastewater Management and Water ProtectionHamburg University of Technology (TUHH)HamburgGermany

Bibliographic information

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