Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

  • Erwin Beck
  • Jörg Bendix
  • Ingrid Kottke
  • Franz Makeschin
  • Reinhard Mosandl

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 198)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Introduction

    1. E. Beck, F. Makeschin, F. Haubrich, M. Richter, J. Bendix, C. Valerezo
      Pages 1-13
    2. G. Brehm, J. Homeier, K. Fiedler, I. Kottke, J. Illig, N. M. Nöske et al.
      Pages 15-23
    3. R. Mosandl, S. Günter, B. Stimm, M. Weber
      Pages 37-40
    4. G. Brehm, K. Fiedler, C. L. Häuser, H. Dalitz
      Pages 41-47
  3. Gradients in Ecosystem Analysis

    1. K. Fiedler, E. Beck
      Pages 49-54
    2. E. Beck, R. Mosandl, M. Richter, I. Kottke
      Pages 55-62
  4. The Altitudinal Gradient

    1. Gradual Changes Along the Altitudinal Gradient

      1. J. Bendix, R. Rollenbeck, M. Richter, P. Fabian, P. Emck
        Pages 63-73
      2. W. Wilcke, S. Yasin, A. Schmitt, C. Valarezo, W. Zech
        Pages 75-85
      3. J. Homeier, F. A. Werner, S. R. Gradstein, S. W. Breckle, M. Richter
        Pages 87-100
      4. H. Niemann, H. Behling
        Pages 101-111
      5. A. Paulsch, D. Piechowski, K. Müller-Hohenstein
        Pages 113-121
      6. M. Richter, K. -H. Diertl, T. Peters, R. W. Bussmann
        Pages 123-135
      7. I. Kottke, A. Beck, I. Haug, S. Setaro, V. Jeske, J. P. Suárez et al.
        Pages 137-148
      8. D. Paulsch, K. Müller-Hohenstein
        Pages 149-156
      9. F. Matt, K. Almeida, A. Arguero, C. Reudenbach
        Pages 157-165
      10. K. Fiedler, G. Brehm, N. Hilt, D. Süßenbach, C. L. Häuser
        Pages 167-179
      11. M. Maraun, J. Illig, D. Sandmann, V. Krashevska, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu
        Pages 181-192
    2. Processes Along and Within the Gradient

      1. W. Wilcke, S. Yasin, K. Fleischbein, R. Goller, J. Boy, J. Knuth et al.
        Pages 193-201
      2. W. Wilcke, S. Yasin, K. Fleischbein, R. Goller, J. Boy, J. Knuth et al.
        Pages 203-215
      3. S. Iost, F. Makeschin, M. Abiy, F. Haubrich
        Pages 217-227
      4. M. Küppers, T. Motzer, D. Schmitt, C. Ohlemacher, R. Zimmermann, V. Horna et al.
        Pages 243-258
    3. Gradient Heterogeneities

      1. N. Mandl, M. Lehnert, S. R. Gradstein, M. Kessler, M. Abiy, M. Richter
        Pages 275-280
      2. J. Bendix, R. Rollenbeck, P. Fabian, P. Emck, M. Richter, E. Beck
        Pages 281-290
      3. A. Bräuning, J. Homeier, E. Cueva, E. Beck, S. Günter
        Pages 291-302
      4. R. Rollenbeck, P. Fabian, J. Bendix
        Pages 303-309
  5. Gradients of Disturbance

    1. Natural Disturbance

      1. J. Homeier, S. -W. Breckle
        Pages 311-317
      2. R. W. Bussmann, W. Wilcke, M. Richter
        Pages 319-330
    2. Disturbance by Human Activities

      1. S. Günter, O. Cabrera, M. Weber, B. Stimm, M. Zimmermann, K. Fiedler et al.
        Pages 347-359
      2. E. Beck, K. Hartig, K. Roos, M. Preußig, M. Nebel
        Pages 361-370
      3. E. Beck, K. Hartig, K. Roos
        Pages 371-374
  6. Gradients of Regeneration

    1. B. Huwe, B. Zimmermann, J. Zeilinger, M. Quizhpe, H. Elsenbeer
      Pages 375-386
    2. F. Makeschin, F. Haubrich, M. Abiy, J. I. Burneo, T. Klinger
      Pages 397-408
    3. A. Martinez, M. D. Mahecha, G. Lischeid, E. Beck
      Pages 409-415
    4. B. Stimm, E. Beck, S. Günter, N. Aguirre, E. Cueva, R. Mosandl et al.
      Pages 417-429
    5. M. Weber, S. Günter, N. Aguirre, B. Stimm, R. Mosandl
      Pages 431-441
  7. Synopsis

    1. E. Beck, I. Kottke, J. Bendix, F. Makeschin, R. Mosandl
      Pages 451-463
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 465-525

About this book


A tropical mountain ecosystem in one of the "hottest" biodiversity hotspots worldwide was investigated by some 30 research teams of numerous disciplines in the natural and social sciences. Ecosystem analysis followed two gradients: an altitudinal gradient and a gradient of land-use intensity and ecosystem regeneration, respectively.

This volume addresses a multitude of ecologically relevant aspects: macro- and microclimate; physics, chemistry and biology of soils; water relations, matter turnover and nutrient availability; plant growth and biomass partitioning; floral composition and plant life forms; vegetation structure and dynamics; organismic interactions, diversity and population biology of birds, moths and microarthropods; forest management, and reforestation with indigenous species; ethnobotanical and social aspects. New hypotheses are presented with regard to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, as well as sustainable management of an ecosystem in a biodiversity hotspot.


Biodiversität Deforestation Fauna Flora Hotspot Rainforest Transpiration biodiversity ecology ecosystem ecotone forest production vegetation wind

Editors and affiliations

  • Erwin Beck
    • 1
  • Jörg Bendix
    • 2
  • Ingrid Kottke
    • 3
  • Franz Makeschin
    • 4
  • Reinhard Mosandl
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology Bayreuth Centre for Ecology and Ecosystem ResearchBayCEER University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.LCRS, Faculty of GeographyUniversity of MarburgMarburgGermany
  3. 3.Special Botany and Mycology and Botanical GardenUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Soil Science Faculty of Forest, Geo and Hydro SciencesDresden University of TechnologyTharandtGermany
  5. 5.Institute of SilvicultureTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany

Bibliographic information