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Mediterranean Landsurface Processes Assessed From Space

  • Hans-Jürgen Bolle
  • Matthias Eckardt
  • Dirk Koslowsky
  • Fabio Maselli
  • Joaquín Meliá Miralles
  • Massimo Menenti
  • Folke-Sören Olesen
  • Ljiljana Petkov
  • Ichtiaque Rasool
  • Adriaan A. Van de Griend

Part of the Regional Climate Studies book series (REGCLIMATE)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

1. 1 Space View and Ground Observations 1 1. 2 Mediterranean Climatic Environment 2 1. 3 Processes at Surfaces 10 1. 3. 1 Deforestation and Land-use Changes 10 1. 3. 2 Water Related Problems 16 1. 3. 3 Fire, Grazing, and Land Degradation 19 1. 3. 4 Drought, Floods, Frost, and Desertification 21 1. 3. 5 Coupling Between Surface and Atmosphere: The Role of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer 25 1. 4 Role and Capabilities of Measurements Made From Space 30 1. 4. 1 Research Programmes 30 1. 4. 2 Expected Information 32 1. 4. 3 Research Strategy 33 1. 4. 4 Observation of Changes in Heterogeneous Landscapes: Spatial and Temporal Scales 35 1. 4. 5 Land-surface Change Indicators Observable from Space 36 Spectral Characteristics of Vegetation and Soils (36); Responses of Remote Sensing Signals to Changes of Land-surface Properties (40) 1. 5 About this Book 48 Chapter 2 Processing and Archiving of Satellite and Ancillary Data 51 2. 1 Introduction 51 2. 2 The Remote Sensing Data Base 55 2. 2. 1 Satellite Instruments 55 The NOAA Observing System (55); Meteosat (57); Nimbus-7 (59); Landsat (59); SPOT (61); DMSP (62); ERS-1 and ERS-2 (62); TRMM (63); Terra (64); Envisat (65); Aqua (66) 2. 2. 2 Aircraft Instruments 66 The Use of Aircraft for Land-surface Process Studies (66); AVIRIS (67); TMS (68); AIRSAR (68); DIAL (69) 2. 3 Reception, Acquisition and Availability of Satellite Data 70 2. 3.

Keywords

Albedo Change detection Climate Change Desertification Ecology Geography Satellite Data Scale moisture remote sensing satellite temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Hans-Jürgen Bolle
    • 1
  • Matthias Eckardt
    • 2
  • Dirk Koslowsky
    • 2
  • Fabio Maselli
    • 3
  • Joaquín Meliá Miralles
    • 4
  • Massimo Menenti
    • 5
  • Folke-Sören Olesen
    • 6
  • Ljiljana Petkov
    • 7
  • Ichtiaque Rasool
    • 8
  • Adriaan A. Van de Griend
    • 9
  1. 1.MànchenGermany
  2. 2.Freie Universitüt Berlin lnstitut fàr MeteorologieBerlinGermany
  3. 3.CNR - Istituto di Biometeorologia (IBIMET)FirenzeItaly
  4. 4.Facultat de Fisica Dpt. de TcrmodinàmicaUniversitat de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  5. 5.CNR - Istituto Per I Sistemi Agricoli E ForestaliS. Sebastiano al Vesuvio (NA)Italy
  6. 6.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe lnstitut für Meteorologie und KlimaforsehungKarlsmheGermany
  7. 7.Adriaan van Ostadelaan 5EL OegstgeestThe Netherlands
  8. 8.ParisFrance
  9. 9.AT ZeistThe Netherlands

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