© 1982

The Natural Environment and the Biogeochemical Cycles


Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 1 / 1B)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. S. W. F. van der Ploeg
    Pages 1-45
  3. R. Fukai, Y. Yokoyama
    Pages 47-60
  4. R. Söderlund, T. Rosswall
    Pages 61-81
  5. A. J. B. Zehnder
    Pages 83-110
  6. P. A. Schenck, J. W. de Leeuw
    Pages 111-129
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 305-320

About this book


Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. loteTest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topies which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environmental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemieal processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environmental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysieal modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce targe quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.


biogeochemical cycles chemistry environment environmental chemistry industry transport

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Meteorologie und GeophysikUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.International Laboratory of Marine RadioactivityIAEAPrincipality of Monaco
  3. 3.Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Organic Geochemistry UnitDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  4. 4.AmsterdamThe Netherlands
  5. 5.SCOPE/UNEP, International Nitrogen UnitRoyal Swedish Academy of SciencesStockholmSweden
  6. 6.Arrhenius Laboratory, Dept. of MeteorologyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden
  7. 7.Centre des Faibles RadioactivitésCNRS-CEAGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  8. 8.Federal Institute for Water Resources and Water Pollution ControlEAWAGDübendorfSwitzerland

Bibliographic information