© 2006

3-D Structural Geology

A Practical Guide to Quantitative Surface and Subsurface Map Interpretation


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVI
  2. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 1-32
  3. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 33-61
  4. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 63-88
  5. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 89-107
  6. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 109-131
  7. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 133-180
  8. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 181-217
  9. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 219-264
  10. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 265-283
  11. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 285-304
  12. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 305-372
  13. Richard H. Groshong Jr.
    Pages 373-382
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 383-400

About this book


Geological structures are three dimensional, yet are typically represented by, and - terpreted from, outcrop maps and structure contour maps, both of which are curved two-dimensional surfaces. Maps plus serial sections, called 2½-D, provide a closer approach to three dimensionality. Computer technology now makes it possible for geological interpretations to be developed from the beginning in a fully three dim- sional environment. Fully 3-D geological models allow significantly better interpre- tions and interpretations that are much easier to share with other geologists and with the general public. This book provides an overview of techniques for constructing structural interpretations in 2-D, 2½-D and 3-D environments; for interpolating - tween and extrapolating beyond the control points; and for validating the final int- pretation. The underlying philosophy is that structures are three-dimensional solid bodies and that data from throughout the structure, whether in 2-D or 3-D format, should be integrated into an internally consistent 3-D interpretation. It is assumed that most users of this book will do their work on a computer. C- sequently, the book provides quantitative structural methods and techniques that are designed for use with spreadsheets, mapping software, and three-dimensional c- puter-graphics programs. The book is also intended to provide the background for understanding what interpretive software, for example, a computer contouring p- gram, does automatically. Most techniques are presented in both a traditional format appropriate for paper, pencil, and a pocket calculator, and in quantitative format for use with spreadsheets and computer-graphics or computer-aided-design programs.


Fundament Structural geology fault faults folds mapping structural validation

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of AlabamaUSA
  2. 2.3-D Structure ResearchNorthportUSA

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


From the reviews of the second edition:

"In the second edition, material has been reorganized to follow more closely the typical workflowof the exploration geologist. … The book has its place on the shelves of exploration geologists and some structural geology researchers. … this is a useful and well produced book." (Nigel Woodcock, Geological Magazine, Vol. 144 (2), 2007)