© 2008

Self-Employment Activities of Women and Minorities

Their Success or Failure in Relation to Social Citizenship Policies

  • Editors
  • Ursula Apitzsch
  • Maria Kontos


  • Success or Failure?


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-8
  2. Methods and contexts

    1. Ursula Apitzsch, Lena Inowlocki, Maria Kontos
      Pages 12-18
    2. Floya Anthias, Maria Kontos, Feiwel Kupferberg, Gabriella Lazaridis, Suzanne Mason, Skevos Papaioannou et al.
      Pages 35-46
  3. Dimensions of European diversity in non-priviledged self-employment

  4. Back Matter
    Pages 203-221

About this book


The discussion on new forms of non-privileged self-employment of women and minorities is usually divided into separate discourses on women’s opportunities on the one hand and ethnic business on the other. The focus in the discussion about the special resources of migrant entrepreneurship has been above all on the assumed collective traditions of ethnic business and not on the individual emancipative resources of the self-employed. This book has brought the two discourses together. While women and migrants are most vulnerable to social exclusion on the labour market, at the same time they are subjects of unrecognized resources for self-employment that have to be taken into account under the special conditions of social citizenship policies in the European Union.


Arbeit Ausbeutung European Union (EU) Geschlechterforschung Minorities Soziologie gender sociology women

About the authors

Dr. Ursula Apitzsch is Professor of Sociology and Political Science at J.W. Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main.
Dr. Maria Kontos is researcher at the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research.

Bibliographic information