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First Observation of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering

  • Bjorn Scholz

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Bjorn Scholz
    Pages 1-8
  3. Bjorn Scholz
    Pages 21-28
  4. Bjorn Scholz
    Pages 105-141
  5. Bjorn Scholz
    Pages 143-144

About this book

Introduction

This thesis describes the experimental work that finally led to a successful measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering—a process proposed forty-three years ago. The experiment was performed at the Spallation Neutron Source facility, sited at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in Tennessee.

Of all known particles, neutrinos distinguish themselves for being the hardest to detect, typically requiring large multi-ton devices for the job. The process measured here involves the difficult detection of very weak signals arising from nuclear recoils (tiny neutrino-induced “kicks” to atomic nuclei), but leads to a much larger probability of neutrino interaction when compared to all other known mechanisms. As a result of this, “neutrino technologies” using miniaturized detectors (the author's was handheld and weighed only 14 kg) become a possibility. A large community of researchers plans to continue studying this process, facilitating an exploration of fundamental neutrino properties that is presently beyond the sensitivity of other methods.

Keywords

detection nuclear recoils miniature neutrino detector handheld neutrino detector high sensitivity neutrino detection device neutrino technologies spallation neutron source neutrino-induced neutrons statistical discrimination electronic nuclear recoils elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering

Authors and affiliations

  • Bjorn Scholz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99747-6
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-99746-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-99747-6
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • Buy this book on publisher's site