© 2019

Mangrove Ichnology of the Bay of Bengal Coast, Eastern India


Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-liv
  2. Chirananda De
    Pages 1-40
  3. Chirananda De
    Pages 49-158
  4. Chirananda De
    Pages 159-190
  5. Chirananda De
    Pages 191-201
  6. Chirananda De
    Pages 203-210
  7. Chirananda De
    Pages 211-231
  8. Chirananda De
    Pages 233-276
  9. Chirananda De
    Pages 277-286
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 287-302

About this book


This book focuses on the world’s largest mangrove delta complex, located at Sundarban, a world heritage site, and on the relatively new and rapidly expanding scientific discipline of ichnology. In addition to presenting a range of ichnological research databases that are widely applicable to multidisciplinary research fields in geology, biophysics, biology, ecology, geomorphology and the marine and environmental sciences, it addresses the global concern of rising sea levels to explain growing ecological problems, from the mass mortality of coastal organisms and rapid loss of mangrove forest wealth, to widespread coastal and riverbank erosion. It also demonstrates the value of applying new ichnological tools to coastal geotechnical planning and programming, and to groundwater exploration. Thus, the book addresses a broad readership including earth scientists from various disciplines, state administrators and members of the general public.


Ichnology database lebensspuren endobenthic invertebrates coastal erosion rising Sea level ecospace shrinking applied ichnology

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Palaeontology DivisionGeological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia

About the authors

Chirananda De is an Indian Palaeontologist who served Geological Survey of India for about 32 years (1980-2012).  His research expertise covers classical ichnology, ichnostratigraphy, Quaternary ichnology, environmental ichnology and applied ichnology. His research contributions incorporate several sensational discoveries, conceptual breakthroughs, promotion of fundamental principles and novel applications of ichnological tools for the benefit of mankind.

Bibliographic information

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