Cave Ecology

  • Oana Teodora Moldovan
  • Ľubomír Kováč
  • Stuart Halse

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 235)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Oana Teodora Moldovan, Ľubomír Kováč, Stuart Halse
    Pages 1-4
  3. Into Karst, Caves and Cave Habitats

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. Stein-Erik Lauritzen
      Pages 7-21
    3. Francis G. Howarth, Oana Teodora Moldovan
      Pages 23-37
  4. There is Rich and Diverse Life in Caves

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 39-39
    2. Francis G. Howarth, Oana Teodora Moldovan
      Pages 41-67
    3. Olivia S. Hershey, Hazel A. Barton
      Pages 69-90
    4. Janez Mulec
      Pages 91-106
    5. Louis Deharveng, Anne Bedos
      Pages 107-172
    6. Oana Teodora Moldovan
      Pages 173-194
    7. Maja Zagmajster, Florian Malard, David Eme, David C. Culver
      Pages 195-227
    8. Ignacio Ribera, Alexandra Cieslak, Arnaud Faille, Javier Fresneda
      Pages 229-252
  5. About Communities, Populations and Food

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 253-253
    2. Stefano Mammola, Marco Isaia
      Pages 255-267
    3. Peter Trontelj
      Pages 269-295
    4. Ľubomír Kováč
      Pages 297-307
    5. Michael P. Venarsky, Brock M. Huntsman
      Pages 309-328
  6. Particular Cave Ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 329-329
    2. Ľubomír Kováč
      Pages 331-349
    3. Alexandra Hillebrand-Voiculescu
      Pages 351-368
    4. Pedro Oromí
      Pages 369-381
    5. Thomas M. Iliffe, Fernando Alvarez
      Pages 383-397
    6. Alejandro Martínez, Brett C. Gonzalez
      Pages 399-414
    7. Rodrigo Lopes Ferreira, Marcus Paulo Alves de Oliveira, Marconi Souza Silva
      Pages 435-447
  7. Conservation and Protection of Cave Habitats and Cave Fauna

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 449-449
    2. Matthew L. Niemiller, Steven J. Taylor, Maria Elina Bichuette
      Pages 451-478
  8. Cave Ecology for the Twenty-First Century

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 495-495
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 533-545

About this book


Cave organisms are the ‘monsters’ of the underground world and studying them invariably raises interesting questions about the ways evolution has equipped them to survive in permanent darkness and low-energy environments. Undertaking ecological studies in caves and other subterranean habitats is not only challenging because they are difficult to access, but also because the domain is so different from what we know from the surface, with no plants at the base of food chains and with a nearly constant microclimate year-round. 
The research presented here answers key questions such as how a constant environment can produce the enormous biodiversity seen below ground, what adaptations and peculiarities allow subterranean organisms to thrive, and how they are affected by the constraints of their environment. This book is divided into six main parts, which address: the habitats of cave animals; their complex diversity; the environmental factors that support that diversity; individual case studies of cave ecosystems; and of the conservation challenges they face; all of which culminate in proposals for future research directions. Given its breadth of coverage, it offers an essential reference guide for graduate students and established researchers alike.


Biospeleology Cave Biodiversity Cave Ecosystems Speleology Subterranean Ecology Subterranean Organisms

Editors and affiliations

  • Oana Teodora Moldovan
    • 1
  • Ľubomír Kováč
    • 2
  • Stuart Halse
    • 3
  1. 1.Emil Racovitza Institute of SpeleologyRomanian AcademyCluj NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceP. J. Šafárik UniversityKošiceSlovakia
  3. 3.Bennelongia Environmental ConsultantsJolimont, Western AustraliaAustralia

Bibliographic information