The Genesis of Geopolitics and Friedrich Ratzel

Dismissing the Myth of the Ratzelian Geodeterminism

  • Alexandros Stogiannos

Part of the Historical Geography and Geosciences book series (HIGEGE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Alexandros Stogiannos
    Pages 1-27
  3. Alexandros Stogiannos
    Pages 29-55
  4. Alexandros Stogiannos
    Pages 151-164
  5. Alexandros Stogiannos
    Pages 165-199
  6. Alexandros Stogiannos
    Pages 201-203
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 205-252

About this book


This book discusses the influence of Friedrich Ratzel's ideas in more contemporary geopolitical analytical systems and the geodeterminism commonly attributed to him. The author thoroughly analyzes the structural components of Ratzel's thought. 

The research is inspired by the numerous contradictory approaches in the secondary literature, presenting Ratzel as both humanist and racist, geo-determinist and multidimensional analyst, organicist and social scientist, precursor of Geopolitics and opponent to the same idea. 
In this work, more particular issues are approached: the establishment of a scientific Political Geography; the methodological approach of his multidisciplinary work; the redefinition of his geopolitical period; his notion of state and the evaluation of sociological and cultural parameters as factors of state power; the biogeographical content of the notion of Lebensraum; his attitude towards the racist theories as well as towards the Darwinian theories; his overall worldview and the confrontation with cosmopolitism; his contribution to an interdisciplinary, positivist and scientific approach in analyzing social and international affairs; his thoughts on the architecture of Europe. 

The book will be useful for researchers and students in many scientific fields, such as International Relations, Geopolitics, Geography and History of Geography.


Systemic Geopolitics History of Geography Geodeterminism Lebensraum Biogeography Laws of Spatial Growth Etnography Diffusionism Friedrich Ratzel Anthropogeography Genesis of Geopolitics Origins of political geography

Authors and affiliations

  • Alexandros Stogiannos
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Turkish Studies and Modern Asian StudiesNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

Bibliographic information