Leadership, Institutions and Enforcement

Anti-Corruption Agencies in Serbia, Croatia and Macedonia

  • Slobodan Tomić

Part of the Executive Politics and Governance book series (EXPOLGOV)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Part I

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Slobodan Tomić
      Pages 3-25
    3. Slobodan Tomić
      Pages 27-51
  3. Part II

  4. Comparative Analysis and Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-183
    2. Slobodan Tomić
      Pages 185-197
    3. Slobodan Tomić
      Pages 199-212
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 213-243

About this book


“Leadership, Institutions and Enforcement provides a novel perspective on how to make anti-corruption agencies work. Bringing together the literature on regulation, independent agencies and anti-corruption, it convincingly explains variation in enforcement practices across Serbia, Croatia and Macedonia since the early 2000s. Tomic’s book is a must-read for scholars and practitioners interested in anti-corruption and regulatory reform in new democracies.”
Jan-Hinrik Meyer-Sahling, University of Nottingham, UK

“This is an innovative look at the workings of anti-corruption agencies in the former Yugoslavia. Tomic applies different theories of public management to investigate how such agencies will perform under different institutional contexts. The book makes an important contribution to political science by studying how government watchdogs perform in fledgling democracies and should be read by scholars and practitioners alike.”
Colin Provost, University College London, UK

This book presents an analysis of five anticorruption agencies (ACAs) from Serbia, Macedonia and Croatia, exploring the impact of organisational factors and leadership on their enforcement patterns during the first decade of the transitional reforms (2001-2012). Contrary to the conventional theory of agency insulation, the analysis reveals that the ACAs’ de facto autonomy was not crucially shaped by their statutory independence, but rather by the reputational management of their leaders. The book draws on a mixture of qualitative and quantitative analysis to document these reputational strategies and how they shaped the ACAs’ de facto autonomy. The findings also suggest that the ACAs’ organisational model – defined by the delegated mandate and powers (preventative vs suppressive) – represented a key variable that mediated under which conditions high de facto autonomy can be achieved.  The book offers contributions to the study of anticorruption policy and ethics regulation, as well as the wider inquiry into drivers of agency independence, particularly in transitional contexts.
Slobodan Tomić is Marie-Sklodowska Curie Fellow in the College of Social Sciences and Law at the University College Dublin, Republic of Ireland (2017-2019). His expertise is in the fields of public administration, regulation, integrity policies, and public sector oversight.


Anti-corruption new democracies Serbia Croatia Macedonia institutions enforcement style factual (de facto) autonomy institutional theories diverse case methods typical case method Republican Committee for Resolution of Conflict of Interest Anticorruption Agency Leaders' incentives SCPC corruption scandals political appointments USKOK reputation

Authors and affiliations

  • Slobodan Tomić
    • 1
  1. 1.University College DublinDublinIreland

Bibliographic information

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