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Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials

A Literature Review of Applications for Buildings Materials

  • João M.P.Q. Delgado
  • Joana C. Martinho
  • Ana Vaz Sá
  • Ana S. Guimarães
  • Vitor Abrantes

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. João M. P. Q. Delgado, Joana C. Martinho, Ana Vaz Sá, Ana S. Guimarães, Vitor Abrantes
    Pages 1-15
  3. João M. P. Q. Delgado, Joana C. Martinho, Ana Vaz Sá, Ana S. Guimarães, Vitor Abrantes
    Pages 17-34
  4. João M. P. Q. Delgado, Joana C. Martinho, Ana Vaz Sá, Ana S. Guimarães, Vitor Abrantes
    Pages 35-70
  5. João M. P. Q. Delgado, Joana C. Martinho, Ana Vaz Sá, Ana S. Guimarães, Vitor Abrantes
    Pages 71-73

About this book

Introduction

This short book provides an update on various methods for incorporating phase changing materials (PCMs) into building structures. It discusses previous research into optimizing the integration of PCMs into surrounding walls (gypsum board and interior plaster products), trombe walls, ceramic floor tiles, concrete elements (walls and pavements), windows, concrete and brick masonry, underfloor heating, ceilings, thermal insulation and furniture an indoor appliances.

Based on the phase change state, PCMs fall into three groups: solid–solid PCMs, solid–liquid PCMs and liquid–gas PCMs. Of these the solid–liquid PCMs, which include organic PCMs, inorganic PCMs and eutectics, are suitable for thermal energy storage.

The process of selecting an appropriate PCM is extremely complex, but crucial for thermal energy storage. The potential PCM should have a suitable melting temperature, and the desirable heat of fusion and thermal conductivity specified by the practical application. Thus, the methods of measuring the thermal properties of PCMs are key.

With suitable PCMs and the correct incorporation method, latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) can be economically efficient for heating and cooling buildings. However, several problems need to be tackled before LHTES can reliably and practically be applied.

 


Keywords

Thermal Energy Storage Phase Change Materials (PCM) Building Applications Thermal Comfort Thermal Performance

Authors and affiliations

  • João M.P.Q. Delgado
    • 1
  • Joana C. Martinho
    • 2
  • Ana Vaz Sá
    • 3
  • Ana S. Guimarães
    • 4
  • Vitor Abrantes
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-LFCUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-GEQUALTECUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-GEQUALTECUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-LFCUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  5. 5.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-GEQUALTECUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97499-6
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-97498-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-97499-6
  • Series Print ISSN 2191-530X
  • Series Online ISSN 2191-5318
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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