Turkey, Kemalism and the Soviet Union

Problems of Modernization, Ideology and Interpretation

  • Vahram Ter-Matevosyan

Part of the Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe book series (MOMEIDSEE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    Pages 1-6
  3. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    Pages 41-61
  4. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    Pages 121-147
  5. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    Pages 173-199
  6. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    Pages 201-230
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 231-278

About this book


This book examines the Kemalist ideology of Turkey from two perspectives. It discusses major problems in the existing interpretations of the topic and how the incorporation of Soviet perspectives enriches the historiography and our understanding of that ideology. To address these questions, the book looks into the origins, evolution, and transformational phases of Kemalism between the 1920s and 1970s. The research also focuses on external interpretations by observing how republican Turkey and particularly its founding ideology were viewed and interpreted by Soviet observers. Paying more attention to the diplomatic, geopolitical, and economic complexities of Turkish-Soviet relations scholars have rarely problematized those perceptions of Turkish ideological transformations. Looking at various phases of Soviet attitudes towards Kemalism and its manifestations through the lenses of Communist leaders, party functionaries, diplomats and scholars, the book will illuminate the underlying dynamics of Soviet interpretations.    


Kemalist ideology Soviet Union 1920s-1970s Geopolitical history Eurasia Empire Communist party Emerging nation states Modernization Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Authors and affiliations

  • Vahram Ter-Matevosyan
    • 1
  1. 1.American University of Armenia YerevanArmenia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-97402-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-97403-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2523-7985
  • Series Online ISSN 2523-7993
  • Buy this book on publisher's site