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Vaccination in America

Medical Science and Children’s Welfare

  • Richard J. Altenbaugh

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
    Pages 1-8
  3. Diseases, Death, and Disability

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 11-27
    3. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 29-48
    4. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 49-66
  4. Friendly Persuasion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 69-91
    3. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 93-112
    4. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 113-129
  5. Ethical Authority?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 133-143
    3. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 145-171
    4. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 173-195
    5. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 197-212
    6. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 213-230
  6. Line Up and Roll Up Your Sleeves

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 233-253
    3. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 255-265
  7. Intellectual Authority?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 267-267
    2. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 269-287
    3. Richard J. Altenbaugh
      Pages 289-302
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 303-355

About this book

Introduction

The success of the polio vaccine was a remarkable breakthrough for medical science, effectively eradicating a dreaded childhood disease. It was also the largest medical experiment to use American schoolchildren. Richard J. Altenbaugh examines an uneasy conundrum in the history of vaccination: even as vaccines greatly mitigate the harm that infectious disease causes children, the process of developing these vaccines put children at great risk as research subjects. In the first half of the twentieth century, in the face of widespread resistance to vaccines, public health officials gradually medicalized American culture through mass media, public health campaigns, and the public education system. Schools supplied tens of thousands of young human subjects to researchers, school buildings became the main dispensaries of the polio antigen, and the mass immunization campaign that followed changed American public health policy in profound ways. Tapping links between bioethics, education, public health, and medical research, this book raises fundamental questions about child welfare and the tension between private and public responsibility that still fuel anxieties around vaccination today. 

Keywords

history of vaccine policy public suspicion toward governmental vaccination policy history of the polio vaccine MMR vaccine policy in America Salk vaccine trials poliomyelitis history of public education infantile paralysis cowpox vaccine antivaccination movement Progressive Era public health smallpox inoculation children in medical research studies Nuremberg Code mass immunization federal policy childhood vaccination MMR and autism child welfare medical research

Authors and affiliations

  • Richard J. Altenbaugh
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96349-5
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-96348-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-96349-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site