© 2018

Energiewende "Made in Germany"

Low Carbon Electricity Sector Reform in the European Context

  • Christian von Hirschhausen
  • Clemens Gerbaulet
  • Claudia Kemfert
  • Casimir Lorenz
  • Pao-Yu Oei


  • Expert treatment of the low carbon energy transformation in Germany and in Europe

  • Unique insights into the energy and climate policy process

  • Provides lessons for energy transformation processes around the world, in developed and emerging countries


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Christian von Hirschhausen, Clemens Gerbaulet, Claudia Kemfert, Casimir Lorenz, Pao-Yu Oei
    Pages 1-14
  3. The Historical Origins and Emergence of the Energiewende

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Christian von Hirschhausen
      Pages 17-44
  4. The Energiewende at Work in the Electricity Sector

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-79
    2. Friedrich Kunz, Felix Reitz, Christian von Hirschhausen, Ben Wealer
      Pages 117-140
    3. Jonas Egerer, Pao-Yu Oei, Casimir Lorenz
      Pages 141-172
    4. Claudia Kemfert, Casimir Lorenz, Thure Traber, Petra Opitz
      Pages 173-191
    5. Clemens Gerbaulet
      Pages 193-216
  5. The German Energiewende in the Context of the European Low-Carbon Transformation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. Roman Mendelevitch, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
      Pages 241-282
    3. Franziska Holz, Jonas Egerer, Clemens Gerbaulet, Pao-Yu Oei, Roman Mendelevitch, Anne Neumann et al.
      Pages 283-317
    4. Casimir Lorenz, Jonas Egerer, Clemens Gerbaulet
      Pages 319-344
    5. Konstantin Löffler, Thorsten Burandt, Karlo Hainsch, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
      Pages 345-374
  6. Assessment, Perspectives, and Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 375-375
    2. Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
      Pages 377-387

About this book


This book provides an in-depth analysis of the energy transformation process ongoing in Germany, now commonly referred to as energiewende, in the European context, with a focus on the electricity sector. It presents an expert look at the origins of the German energiewende, its concrete implementation, its impacts within the European context as well as medium and long-term perspectives. The authors, internationally recognized energy, electricity, and climate economists at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) and Berlin University of Technology, conclude that the first years of the energiewende have successfully laid the foundation for a renewables-based electricity system in Germany, but that challenges remain in relation to decarbonizing the electricity system and phasing out nuclear energy. The authors also provide ground-breaking insights to inform energy policy in other countries and at the European level. In the outlook, the authors explore upcoming issues, such as coupling between the electricity and other sectors, and behavioral changes of industry and households. The book addresses readers in the energy industry, energy and climate policymakers, regulators, and others interested in the low carbon energy system transformation in Germany, Europe, and worldwide.

The question of how to move to lower carbon energy systems is generating broad interest and intense debate in both developed and developing nations alike. This book provides a comprehensive account of how technology, management, and policy decisions are shaping this transformation in Germany, and offers lessons for other countries.

Valerie J. Karplus, Professor of Global Economics and Management, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA

This book offers unique perspective on the energiewende, a new paradigm in energy and climate policy. It is a must-read for anyone interested in Germany as well as those interested in the European Union because the German energy and climate policy needs Europe, and Europe must learn from the German experience, both positive and negative. This comprehensive book brings together leading academics and experts to consider the various aspects of this fascinating green revolution.

François Lévêque, Professor of Industrial Economics, Ecole des Mines-ParisTech, Paris, France

This book on the energiewende comes at the right time, as the low-carbon energy transformation in Germany is moving from an electricity focus to an energy system wide approach. The group of authors is well positioned, as academics and policy advisors, to offer lessons from a decade of analysis. They report on success but also on challenges of an important policy experiment.

Daniela Setton, Senior Research Associate, Transdisciplinary Panel on Energy Change at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam, Germany


German Energy Transition Energy Efficiency Electricity Transmission Infrastructure European Energy Policy Low-Carbon Energy Transfromation

Editors and affiliations

  • Christian von Hirschhausen
    • 1
  • Clemens Gerbaulet
    • 2
  • Claudia Kemfert
    • 3
  • Casimir Lorenz
    • 4
  • Pao-Yu Oei
    • 5
  1. 1.Economics and ManagementUniversity of Technology (TU Berlin)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Economics and ManagementUniversity of Technology (TU Berlin)BerlinGermany
  3. 3.DIW, Energy-Transport-EnvironmentGerman Institute for Economic ResearchBerlinGermany
  4. 4.DIW, Energy-Transport-EnvironmentGerman Institute for Economic ResearchBerlinGermany
  5. 5.Junior Research Group “CoalExit”University of Technology (TU Berlin)BerlinGermany

About the editors

Christian von Hirschhausen is a professor of Economics at the Workgroup for Economic and Infrastructure Policy (WIP) at TU Berlin. PhD in Industrial Economics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris in 1995. Previously he was Chair of Energy Economics and Public Sector Management at TU Dresden. Prof. von Hirschhausen focuses on the restructuring, regulation and financing of infrastructure sectors, mainly energy, and is a regular advisor to industry and policymakers.

Clemens Gerbaulet is a research associate at the Department of Economic and Infrastructure Policy (WIP) at the TU Berlin as well as the Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility (IKEM) and a guest researcher at DIW Berlin. In 2011 he finished his studies in economics and engineering at the TU Dresden. He conducts research on European electricity market modelling, in particular the development of transmission and generation infrastructure.

Claudia Kemfert is a professor of Energy Economics and Sustainability at the Hertie School of Governance, in Berlin and Head of the department Energy, Transportation, Environment at the DIW Berlin. She was appointed by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety as a member of the German Advisory Council on the Environment. She completed her PhD at Stanford University in 1998 with a DAAD Scholarship. Her research activities concentrate on the evaluation of climate and energy policy strategies.

Casimir Lorenz is a research associate at the Department of Economic and Infrastructure Policy (WIP) at the TU Berlin as well as at the department Energy, Transportation, Environment at DIW Berlin. He finished his studies in economics and engineering at the TU Berlin in 2013. His research focus lies on international cooperation in balancing energy markets and energy system modelling.

Pao-Yu Oei leads a subgroup on “Decarbonization and Development” at the the Workgroup for Infrastructure policy (WIP) at the TU Berlin and works for the German Advisory Council on the Environment (SRU). He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from TU Berlin in 2016 and spent research visits at the University of Maryland and the International Institute of Applied System Analysis (IIASA). He works as guest researcher at DIW Berlin and specializes in analyzing the effects of the decarbonization of the European electricity sector.

Bibliographic information