The Impoverishment of the African Red Sea Littoral, 1640–1945

  • Steven Serels

Part of the Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies book series (IOWS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Steven Serels
    Pages 1-29
  3. Steven Serels
    Pages 31-53
  4. Steven Serels
    Pages 55-73
  5. Steven Serels
    Pages 101-129
  6. Steven Serels
    Pages 165-177
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 179-204

About this book


The African Red Sea Littoral, currently divided between Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Djibouti, is one of the poorest regions in the world. But the pastoralist communities indigenous to this region were not always poor—historically, they had access to a variety of resources that allowed them to prosper in the harsh, arid environment. This access was mediated by a robust moral economy of pastoralism that acted as a social safety net. Steven Serels charts the erosion of this moral economy, a slow-moving process that began during the Little Ice Age mega-drought of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and continued through the devastating famines of the twentieth century. By examining mass sedentarization after the Second World War as merely the latest manifestation of an inter-generational environmental and economic crisis, this book offers an innovative lens for understanding poverty in northeastern Africa.


Horn of Africa Sudan Eritrea Ethiopia Djibouti Indian Ocean World The Red Sea poverty in Africa pastoralism in the ARSL Little Ice Age mega-drought in Africa Scramble for Africa Poverty causation climate change history of pastoralism sedentarization pastoralist economics famine in Africa

Authors and affiliations

  • Steven Serels
    • 1
  1. 1.Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre RegionalstudienMartin Luther Universität Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-94164-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-94165-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site