Plant and Human Health, Volume 1

Ethnobotany and Physiology

  • Munir Ozturk
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Nevin Turgay, Özlem Yılmaz, Fehmi Akçiçek
    Pages 53-64
  3. Sateesh Suthari, S. Raju Vatsavaya, Narasimha Vara Prasad Majeti
    Pages 65-123
  4. Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally, Veedooshee Sookhy
    Pages 125-137
  5. Sameen Ruqia Imadi, Isra Mahmood, Alvina Gul
    Pages 139-196
  6. Munir Ozturk, Volkan Altay, Ernaz Altundağ, S. Jamshid Ibadullayeva, Behnaz Aslanipour, Tuba Mert Gönenç
    Pages 197-266
  7. Munir Ozturk, İsa Gökler, Volkan Altay
    Pages 323-348
  8. Munir Ozturk, Volkan Altay, Abdul Latıff, Tabinda Salman, Iqbal Choudhry
    Pages 349-390
  9. Munir Ozturk, Volkan Altay, Abdul Latiff, M. Asad Ziaee, M. Iqbal Choudhry, Farzana Shaheen et al.
    Pages 409-461
  10. Mubashrah Munir, Rahmatullah Qureshi
    Pages 463-545
  11. Ægir B. Kristiansson
    Pages 583-594
  12. Munir Ozturk, Volkan Altay, Abdul Latiff, Samreen Shareef, Farzana Shaheen, M. Iqbal Choudhry
    Pages 595-618
  13. Sajad Ahmad Lone, Ajai Prakash Gupta, Malik Muzafar Manzoor, Pooja Goyal, Qazi Pervaiz Hassan, Suphla Gupta
    Pages 619-656
  14. Musadiq H. Bhat, Ashok K. Jain, Mufida Fayaz
    Pages 657-673
  15. Farhana Ijaz, Inayat Ur Rahman, Zafar Iqbal, Jane Alam, Niaz Ali, Shujaul Mulk Khan
    Pages 675-706
  16. Muhammad Arif, Waseem Razzaq Khan, Muhammad Khurram Shahzad, Amna Hussain, Cao Yukun
    Pages 707-718
  17. Waseem Razzaq Khan, Muhammad Arif, Sadaf Shakoor, M. Nazre, M. Muslim
    Pages 719-729
  18. Raheela Taj, Inayat Ur Rahman, Abbas Hussain Shah, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Aftab Afzal, Niaz Ali et al.
    Pages 731-756
  19. F. O. Khassanov
    Pages 757-765
  20. Ghulam Yaseen, Mushtaq Ahmad, Daniel Potter, Muhammad Zafar, Shazia Sultana, Sehrosh Mir
    Pages 767-792
  21. Back Matter
    Pages 793-805

About this book


Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East.  Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms. On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques.  For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds, which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions.  However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures. 

Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, it focuses on the secondary metabolic compounds, which afford protection against diseases.  Lastly, Volume 3 discusses the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture.


plant-based medicine secondary metabolites alternative medicine molecular pharming medicinal and aromatic plants

Editors and affiliations

  • Munir Ozturk
    • 1
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 2
  1. 1.Vice President of the Islamic WorldAcademy of SciencesAmannJordan
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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