© 2018

Brazil and the United States during World War II and Its Aftermath

Negotiating Alliance and Balancing Giants


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 1-17
  3. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 19-57
  4. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 59-97
  5. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 99-141
  6. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 143-181
  7. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 225-247
  8. Frank D. McCann
    Pages 249-292
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 293-318

About this book


The military alliance between the United States and Brazil played a critical role in the outcome of World War II, and yet it is largely overlooked in historiography of the war. In this definitive account, Frank McCann investigates Brazilian-American military relations from the 1930s through the years after the alliance ended in 1977. The two countries emerge as imbalanced giants with often divergent objectives and expectations. They nevertheless managed to form the Brazilian Expeditionary Force and a fighter squadron that fought in Italy under American command, making Brazil the only Latin American country to commit troops to the war. With the establishment of the US Air Force base in Natal, Northeast Brazil become a vital staging area for air traffic supplying Allied forces in the Middle East and Asian theaters. McCann deftly analyzes newly opened Brazilian archives and declassified American intelligence files to offer a more nuanced account of how this alliance changed the course of World War II, and how the relationship deteriorated in the aftermath of the war.


Brazilian-American Alliance US military alliance with Brazil Franklin D. Roosevelt Getulio Vargas George C. Marshall Goes Monteiro Nazi Germany Inter-American Conference at Rio de Janeiro Axis Submarine attacks Brazilian Expeditionary Force Natal Conference Roosevelt and Vargas World War II Brazil

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of New HampshireDurham, NHUSA

About the authors

Frank D. McCann is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of New Hampshire, USA. 

Bibliographic information


“McCann’s book will find its place among the classics on traditional military history about two ‘unbalanced giants’ from the 1920s to the 1950s and their brotherhood in arms. It offers new insights for those historians who are not familiar with McCann’s oeuvre or the Brazilian history of the 20th century.” (Ursula Prutsch, Revista Iberoamericana, Vol. 20 (73), 2020)