© 2018

Variational Analysis and Applications


Part of the Springer Monographs in Mathematics book series (SMM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 1-66
  3. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 67-102
  4. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 103-160
  5. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 161-190
  6. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 191-218
  7. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 219-258
  8. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 259-349
  9. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 351-449
  10. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 451-497
  11. Boris S. Mordukhovich
    Pages 499-532
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 533-622

About this book


Building on fundamental results in variational analysis, this monograph presents new and recent developments in the field as well as selected applications. Accessible to a broad spectrum of potential readers, the main material is presented in finite-dimensional spaces. Infinite-dimensional developments are discussed at the end of each chapter with comprehensive commentaries which emphasize the essence of major results, track the genesis of ideas, provide historical comments, and illuminate challenging open questions and directions for future research.

The first half of the book (Chapters 1–6) gives a systematic exposition of key concepts and facts, containing basic material as well as some recent and new developments. These first chapters are particularly accessible to masters/doctoral students taking courses in modern optimization, variational analysis, applied analysis, variational inequalities, and variational methods. The reader’s development of skills will be facilitated as they work through each, or a portion of, the multitude of exercises of varying levels. Additionally, the reader may find hints and references to more difficult exercises and are encouraged to receive further inspiration from the gems in chapter commentaries. Chapters 7–10 focus on recent results and applications of variational analysis to advanced problems in modern optimization theory, including its hierarchical and multiobjective aspects, as well as microeconomics, and related areas. It will be of great use to researchers and professionals in applied and behavioral sciences and engineering.


first-order variational analysis monograph with exercises second-order variational analysis variational analysis applications control systems for partial differential equations

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

About the authors

Boris S. Mordukhovich is a Distinguished University Professor of Mathematics at Wayne State University. His areas of research include optimization and variational analysis, control theory, nonlinear systems, generalized differentiation, and various applications. Professor Mordukhovich has authored more than 400 publications including two volumes in Springer’s Grundlehren series entitled “Variational Analysis and Generalized Differentiation.” He is a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM).

Bibliographic information


“This exceptionally well-written research monograph … presents material which is of profound importance and is meticulously chosen and organized. The mathematically precise and crisp presentation style would undoubtedly help the reader in acquiring a deep understanding of the subject. I believe that this monograph would not only be of great benefit to the research community actively engaged in variational analysis but would also encourage newcomers who are willing to learn the subject.” (Akhtar A. Khan, SIAM Review, Vol. 62 (1), 2020)

“The book provides a self-contained, systematic and comprehensive exposition of keys concepts and principles of variational analysis, offering to specialists an updated view on the state of the art of a fast-growing field of research … . the rich anthology of exercises, guiding and stimulating the reader's comprehension, makes the book a usable text for teaching variational analysis to a large audience of graduate students, researchers and practitioners (not only in the mathematical sciences).” (Amos Uderzo, Mathematical Reviews, July, 2019)

“I am enthusiastic about its highly reader-friendly, well-structured presentation. It makes the book, apart from its mathematical contents, an aesthetic joy. … I consider this monograph to be a highly instructive, well-structured and clearly written presentation of modern variational analysis from the perspective of nonconvex and dual generalized differential calculus. I do not hesitate to recommend this excellent work to everybody interested in this field of mathematics, to specialists as well as to young researchers.” (René Henrion, Optimization Letters, Optimization Letters, Vol. 13, 2019)

“Written by an expert in the areas of variational analysis and optimization and based on his didactic experience, this is an excellent textbook. By the wealth of information contained in the second part of the book and in exercises, it can be also used by researchers in optimization theory and its applications as a reference text.” (S. Cobzaş, Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Mathematica, Vol. 6 (04). 2018)

“This book is on the one hand a valuable tool for teaching and learning variational analysis, with exercises ranging from medium level to more difficult and numerous illustrative examples and figures. On the other hand, it represents a basis for future research in various fields of mathematics and its applications.” (Radu Ioan Bot, zbMATH 1402.49003, 2019)