Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Should Citizenship Be for Sale?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Ayelet Shachar
      Pages 7-15 Open Access
    3. Peter J. Spiro
      Pages 17-19 Open Access
    4. Chris Armstrong
      Pages 25-28 Open Access
    5. Jelena Džankić
      Pages 33-36 Open Access
    6. Rainer Bauböck
      Pages 37-41 Open Access
    7. Dimitry Kochenov
      Pages 51-55 Open Access
    8. Ayelet Shachar
      Pages 69-70 Open Access
  3. Bloodlines and Belonging

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 71-71
    2. Costica Dumbrava
      Pages 73-81 Open Access
    3. Rainer Bauböck
      Pages 83-89 Open Access
    4. Scott Titshaw
      Pages 97-101 Open Access
    5. Lois Harder
      Pages 109-112 Open Access
    6. David Owen
      Pages 117-119 Open Access
    7. Kerry Abrams
      Pages 121-125 Open Access
    8. David Armand Jacques Gérard de Groot
      Pages 127-130 Open Access
    9. Eva Ersbøll
      Pages 137-142 Open Access
    10. Costica Dumbrava
      Pages 153-160 Open Access
  4. The Return of Banishment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 161-161
    2. Peter J. Spiro
      Pages 173-175 Open Access
    3. Christian Joppke
      Pages 181-184 Open Access
    4. Vesco Paskalev
      Pages 185-187 Open Access
    5. Rainer Bauböck
      Pages 201-205 Open Access
    6. Daniel Kanstroom
      Pages 207-213 Open Access
    7. Matthew J. Gibney
      Pages 219-223 Open Access
    8. Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler
      Pages 225-227 Open Access
    9. Saskia Sassen
      Pages 229-231 Open Access
    10. Audrey Macklin
      Pages 239-248 Open Access
  5. Cloud Communities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 249-249

About this book


This open access book discusses how national citizenship is being transformed by economic, social and political change. It focuses on the emergence of global markets where citizenship is for sale and on how new reproduction technologies impact citizenship by descent.  It also discusses the return of banishment through denationalisation of terrorist suspects, and the impact of digital technologies, such as blockchain, on the future of democratic citizenship. The book provides a wide range of views on these issues from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of four conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to current debates about the future of citizenship.  


national citizenship democracy citizenship for sale birthright citizenship citizenship deprivation denationalization of terrorist suspects EUDO CITIZENSHIP GLOBALCIT open access

Editors and affiliations

  • Rainer Bauböck
    • 1
  1. 1.European University InstituteSan Domenico di FiesoleItaly

Bibliographic information