State-Formation and Democratization

A New Classification

  • Thomas Denk
  • Sarah Lehtinen

Part of the Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century book series (CDC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 1-16
  3. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 17-50
  4. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 51-70
  5. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 71-108
  6. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 109-138
  7. Thomas Denk, Sarah Lehtinen
    Pages 139-154
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 155-177

About this book


This book examines the connection between two major developments in the world: state-formation and democratization. Since 1946, the number of states has increased from 66 to almost 200 independent states, but our knowledge of these state-formation processes is limited. The authors present a new database on state-formation and democratization, which enables novel classifications and analyses of these processes on the global level. They argue that the form of state-formation affects the probability for democratization in new states and that the initial regime that state-formation establishes at the time of independence has long-term effects on new states’ democratization. 

Thomas Denk is Chair Professor of Political Science at Örebro University, Sweden. His research focuses on democratization, political culture, state-formation, and political methodology. 

Sarah Lehtinen is Research Analyst at the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ) and former Researcher in Political Science at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. She has examined how political institutions during state-formations are developed and democratized, investigated the conditions of democratic diffusion, and developed quantitative databases.


state-formation on a global level democratization classifications of state-formation processes regime independence new states modern states

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas Denk
    • 1
  • Sarah Lehtinen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceÖrebro UniversityÖrebroSweden
  2. 2.The Swedish National Council for Crime PreventionStockholmSweden

Bibliographic information