Electronic Characterisation of Earth‐Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics

  • Thomas James Whittles

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Thomas James Whittles
    Pages 1-40
  3. Thomas James Whittles
    Pages 41-97
  4. Thomas James Whittles
    Pages 307-326
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 327-362

About this book


This book examines the electronic structure of earth-abundant and environmentally friendly materials for use as absorber layers within photovoltaic cells. The corroboration between high-quality photoemission measurements and density of states calculations yields valuable insights into why these materials have demonstrated poor device efficiencies in the vast literature cited. The book shows how the materials’ underlying electronic structures affect their properties, and how the band positions make them unsuitable for use with established solar cell technologies. After explaining these poor efficiencies, the book offers alternative window layer materials to improve the use of these absorbers. The power of photoemission and interpretation of the data in terms of factors generally overlooked in the literature, such as the materials’ oxidation and phase impurity, is demonstrated. Representing a unique reference guide, the book will be of considerable interest and value to members of the photoemission community engaged in solar cell research, and to a wider materials science audience as well


Thin-film Solar Cells XPS Band Alignments DFT Earth-abundant Absorbers Sulphides for Photovoltaics Photoemission Spectroscopy Electronic Characterisation of Sulphides Abundant Sulphides

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas James Whittles
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Stephenson Institute for Renewable EnergyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing