The Era of Private Peacemakers

A New Dialogic Approach to Mediation

  • Marko Lehti

Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Marko Lehti
    Pages 1-12
  3. Peace Mediation Beyond Mediation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Marko Lehti
      Pages 15-35
    3. Marko Lehti
      Pages 37-53
    4. Marko Lehti
      Pages 93-102
  4. The Crowded Field of Private Peacemaking

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 237-263

About this book


The field of peacemaking is in turbulent change. There are more peacemaking actors than before but fewer success stories, and an increasing number of violent conflicts tend to resist negotiated agreements. Tools and practices created for traditional inter- and intra-state conflicts have become ineffective and revision of old mediation practices is called for. This book examines how the private peacemaking organisations have faced this challenge. In the 21st century, private peacemakers have become a central part of peace diplomacy and have appeared as flexible actors whose innovative thinking paves the way for reconsidering and reinventing old practices of mediation. Instead of emphasizing the act of resolution, a new emphasis is given to the transformation of violence into a peace system, the complexity of conflict and the inadequateness of rational management. Furthermore, this shift has brought civic society actors from the field of reconciliation to the field of peace mediation. This new pragmatic approach under development can be called dialogic mediation.

Marko Lehti is University Researcher (Senior Research Fellow) at Tampere Peace Research Institute and the Academic Director of the MA Programme Peace, Mediation and Conflict Research, both at the University of Tampere, Finland. Dr. Lehti’s research in the field of peace and conflict research particularly focuses on peace mediation and dialogues, crises of liberal peace, transformation of identities and the idea of Nordic peace.


Peacemaking Mediation dialogic approach nongovernmental conciliation management antagonism Liberal Peace Critic dialogic transformation private peacemaking smart actors complexity multitrack peace diplomacy cooperation interaction local inclusivity national dialogues transformative dialogues post-management

Authors and affiliations

  • Marko Lehti
    • 1
  1. 1.Tampere Peace Research InstituteUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

Bibliographic information