© 2018

The Case Against Theism

Why the Evidence Disproves God’s Existence


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Raphael Lataster
    Pages 1-24
  3. Raphael Lataster
    Pages 25-143
  4. Raphael Lataster
    Pages 145-215
  5. Raphael Lataster
    Pages 217-261
  6. Raphael Lataster
    Pages 263-289
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 291-322

About this book


This monograph offers a critique of arguments for the existence of a specifically Christian God advanced by prominent scholar William Lane Crane. The discussion incorporates philosophical, mathematical, scientific, historical, and sociological approaches. The author does not seek to criticize religion in general, or Christianity specifically. Rather, he examines the modern and relatively sophisticated evidential case for Christian theism.

Scholars have been arguing for theism or naturalism for centuries, and there seems little to add to the discussion, especially from the theistic side. However, to assume that either theism or naturalism obtains is a false dichotomy. There are alternatives to both that merit consideration. Employing a probabilistic approach, the author advances this discussion. His work uniquely utilizes not only naturalistic hypotheses to argue against theism. It also presents supernaturalistic hypotheses. This leaves no question that theism is almost certainly false, even if some form of divine reality exists.

This project seeks not to argue that Christianity or any other faith or religion is undesirable, but only to critically examine evidentialist claims posited by Christianity’s learned apologists. In fact, a major secondary aim is to consider alternative god-conceptions, such as polytheism and pantheism. This work aims to highlight that Christian theism is often granted special privileges by theistic philosophers of religion, which seems doubly inappropriate when certain alternative god-conceptions may even prove to be more plausible.


Argument Against Miracles Arguments for Naturalism Arguments for Panentheism Arguments for Pantheism Arguments for Polytheism Arguments for the Existence of God Existence of God Jesus’ Resurrection Justifying Atheism Refuting Theism Christian theism Christian God and William Lane Crane supernaturalistic hypotheses on divinity alternative god-conceptions polytheism and pantheism

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Studies in ReligionUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

About the authors

Raphael Lataster is an Associate Lecturer in the Studies in Religion department at the University of Sydney. Raphael is interested in Christian origins and alternatives to classical theism, and has published articles in journals such as The International Journal for Philosophy of ReligionSophia, The European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, and Think, among others.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Case Against Theism
  • Book Subtitle Why the Evidence Disproves God’s Existence
  • Authors Raphael Lataster
  • Series Title Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures
  • Series Abbreviated Title Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-90792-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-08102-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-90793-2
  • Series ISSN 2211-1107
  • Series E-ISSN 2211-1115
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages IX, 322
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Philosophy of Religion
    Comparative Religion
    History of the Middle East
    History of Religion
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