I Got Something to Say

Gender, Race, and Social Consciousness in Rap Music

  • Matthew Oware

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Matthew Oware
    Pages 1-21
  3. Matthew Oware
    Pages 23-37
  4. Matthew Oware
    Pages 39-77
  5. Matthew Oware
    Pages 79-114
  6. Matthew Oware
    Pages 115-152
  7. Matthew Oware
    Pages 153-180
  8. Matthew Oware
    Pages 181-206
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 225-240

About this book


What do millennial rappers in the United States say in their music? This timely and compelling book answers this question by decoding the lyrics of over 700 songs from contemporary rap artists. Using innovative research techniques, Matthew Oware reveals how emcees perpetuate and challenge gendered and racialized constructions of masculinity, femininity, and sexuality. Male and female artists litter their rhymes with misogynistic and violent imagery. However, men also express a full range of emotions, from arrogance to vulnerability, conveying a more complex manhood than previously acknowledged. Women emphatically state their desires while embracing a more feminist approach. Even LGBTQ artists stake their claim and express their sexuality without fear. Finally, in the age of Black Lives Matter and the presidency of Donald J. Trump, emcees forcefully politicize their music. Although complicated and contradictory in many ways, rap remains a powerful medium for social commentary.


Hip-Hop Race evasion post-feminism postmodernism underground rap conscious rap streaming music Women's studies gender and rap race and rap rap lyrics mainstream rap chart-topping rap

Authors and affiliations

  • Matthew Oware
    • 1
  1. 1.Sociology DePauw University GreencastleUSA

Bibliographic information