© 2018

Enterprise, Money and Credit in England before the Black Death 1285–1349


Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance book series (PSHF)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 69-97
  3. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 99-129
  4. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 155-183
  5. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 185-219
  6. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 221-253
  7. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 255-298
  8. Pamela Nightingale
    Pages 333-349
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 351-382

About this book


This book charts the contributions made to the development of the late medieval English economy by enterprise, money, and credit in a period which saw its major export trade in wool, which earned most of its money-supply, suffer from prolonged periods of warfare, high taxation, adverse weather, and mortality of sheep. Consequently, the economy suffered from severe shortages of coin, as well as from internal political conflicts, before the plague of 1348-9 halved the population. The book  examines from the Statute Merchant certificates of debt, the extent to which credit, which normally reflects economic activity, was affected by these events, and the extent to which London, and the leading counties were affected differently by them. The analysis covers the entire kingdom, decade by decade, and thereby contributes to the controversy whether over-population or shortage of coin most inhibited its development.  


late medieval English economy overseas trade regional enterprise medieval economy English wealth and credit currency confusion monetary expansion economic growth Mercantile Credit English financiers

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of OxfordOxfordUnited Kingdom

About the authors

Pamela Nightingale read history at Newnham College, Cambridge, where she stayed to do research for a Ph.D. which she was awarded in 1963. Her first three books were on the history of British India and Chinese Central Asia from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries, until she changed her field to write a book on the trade and politics of medieval London. Her research led her to investigate and then to calendar the huge collection of certificates of debt in the National Archives on which this present book is based.  Her publications, two Senior Research Fellowships held at the Ashmolean Museum, and regular participation in an Oxford research seminar on medieval economic and social history led to her election in 1999 as a member of Oxford University's Faculty of History, and in 2010 she was awarded an Oxford D.Litt. She is also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Enterprise, Money and Credit in England before the Black Death 1285–1349
  • Authors Pamela Nightingale
  • Series Title Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance
  • Series Abbreviated Title Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Economics and Finance Economics and Finance (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-90250-0
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-07974-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-90251-7
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVIII, 382
  • Number of Illustrations 3 b/w illustrations, 1 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Financial History
    International Economics
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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Finance, Business & Banking