© 2019

The Effect of the Environment on Saint Petersburg's Cultural Heritage

Results of Monitoring the Historical Necropolis Monuments

  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
  • Vera V. Rytikova


  • Enriches readers’ understanding of a wide range of problems concerning cultural heritage preservation in urban environments

  • Details the interactions between the materials used in monuments and the environment (air, soil, vegetation)

  • Equips readers with the latest approaches and methods for monitoring and preventing monument degradation


Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Vladimir N. Timofeev, Yuriy М. Pirjutko
    Pages 1-13
  3. Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya, Evgeniya I. Polyanskaya, Vera V. Manurtdinova
    Pages 15-43
  4. Vladimir P. Chelibanov, Aleksandr M. Marugin, Katerina V. Sazanova, Evgeny V. Abakumov, Dmitry Yu. Vlasov, Vera V. Manurtdinova et al.
    Pages 45-73
  5. Dmitry Yu. Vlasov, Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya, Vera V. Manurtdinova, Marina S. Zelenskayа
    Pages 75-95
  6. Vera V. Rytikova, Marina S. Zelenskaya, Vera V. Manurtdinova, Iuliia A. Loginova, Khristina V. Shumilova, Olga V. Shchedrova et al.
    Pages 97-143
  7. Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya, Dmitry Yu. Vlasov, Vera V. Manurtdinova, Marina S. Zelenskayа, Vadim A. Parfenov, Vera V. Rytikova et al.
    Pages 145-159
  8. Dmitry Yu. Vlasov, Vadim A. Parfenov, Marina S. Zelenskayа, Yuliya V. Plotkina, Valeria M. Geludova, Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya et al.
    Pages 161-178
  9. Nadezhda N. Efremova
    Pages 179-179
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 181-188

About this book


This book addresses the effects of the environment on Saint Petersburg’s cultural heritage. It summarizes the results of long-term, large-scale monitoring of monuments in, and the environment (air, soil, vegetation) of, the historical Saint Petersburg Necropolis. The book offers detailed descriptions of the unique collection of decorative stones in the Necropolis and discusses the deposits that were most likely used to create them. In addition, it characterizes the processes of stone and bronze monuments’ degradation in response to physical, chemical and biogenic influences. Special attention is paid to describing the monitoring methodology and the structure of the monitoring information database. Drawing on the methodologies and cases presented here, the book subsequently puts forward a strategy for the conservation and restoration of these unique monuments.

This book approaches practical questions of monuments preservation that will be of interest to museum staff, restorers and experts in various fields (geologists, biologists, chemists, engineers, etc.) whose work involves problems of cultural heritage preservation. The book is interesting for everyone who is not indifferent to the history and preserving of the world culture.


Urban Environment Cultural Heritage Monuments of Saint Petersburg Monitoring and Preservation of Cultural Heritage Destruction of Stone and Bronze Monuments

Editors and affiliations

  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
    • 1
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
    • 2
  • Vera V. Rytikova
    • 3
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Saint Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.State Museum of Urban SculptureSaint PetersburgRussia

Bibliographic information