© 2019

Governing Islam Abroad

Turkish and Moroccan Muslims in Western Europe

  • Concentrates on the similar capacity of Turkey and Morocco to intervene in religious affairs as a domain of public policy

  • Addresses the question of “Islam in the West” from the perspective of the home states

  • Offers a comparative study of home states' transnational politics and foreign policy interests backed up by an understanding of the relevant historical and political contexts


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages 1-13
  3. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages 15-43
  4. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages 45-72
  5. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages 165-218
  6. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages 283-296
  7. Benjamin Bruce
    Pages C1-C1
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 297-303

About this book


From sending imams abroad to financing mosques and Islamic associations, home states play a key role in governing Islam in Western Europe.  Drawing on over one hundred interviews and years of fieldwork, this book employs a comparative perspective that analyzes the foreign religious activities of the two home states with the largest diaspora populations in Europe: Turkey and Morocco. The research shows how these states use religion to promote ties with their citizens and their descendants abroad while also seeking to maintain control over the forms of Islam that develop within the diaspora. The author identifies and explains the internal and foreign political interests that have motivated state actors on both sides of the Mediterranean, ultimately arguing that interstate cooperation in religious affairs has and will continue to have a structural influence on the evolution of Islam in Western Europe. 

Benjamin Bruce is Research Fellow with the Mexican National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (El Colef), Mexico.


Islam Home states Interstate cooperation Turkey Morocco Religious affairs Diaspora engagement Diaspora policies Domestic policy Public policy

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.El Colegio de la Frontera NorteMonterreyMexico

About the authors

Benjamin Bruce is Research Fellow with the Mexican National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (El Colef), Mexico.

Bibliographic information


Governing Islam Abroad is an authoritative guide to the nuances of transnational religious cooperation. Bruce uses extensive fieldwork to offer a multi-dimensional view of sending states and receiving states. It is a thought-provoking contribution to the debate over what constitutes a country of origin.” (Jonathan Laurence, Professor of Political Science, Boston College, USA)

“Winner of the Rémy Leveau prize, this study provides a remarkable comparison of the public management of Islam abroad between Turkey, Germany, Morocco and France. Bruce’s exceptional work explores the implications of this new kind of foreign policy and migratory diplomacy, opening up new paths for research in comparative politics and on theories of public governance beyond borders.” (Catherine Wihtol de Wenden, CNRS Senior Researcher Emeritus, CERI, Sciences Po, France)