© 2019

The Pacific Alliance in a World of Preferential Trade Agreements

Lessons in Comparative Regionalism

  • Pierre Sauvé
  • Rodrigo Polanco Lazo
  • José Manuel Álvarez Zárate


  • Provides a detailed investigation of the Pacific Alliance’s aims, unique modus operandi and achievements to date

  • Situates the Pacific Alliance against a broader canvass of comparative regionalism, drawing on the experience of other regional integration schemes and multilateral efforts

  • Offers an assessment of the pros and cons of pursuing deep integration objectives with weak institutional arrangements


Part of the United Nations University Series on Regionalism book series (UNSR, volume 16)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Situating the Pacific Alliance in Comparative Context

  3. The Pacific Alliance’s Substantive Disciplines: Current and Future Challenges

About this book


This volume focuses on one of the most innovative deep integration constructs, The Pacific Alliance, which aims at expanding the frontiers of trade and investment governance in Latin America. It draws on a conference held at Externado University in Bogota, Colombia, in November 2015, bringing together leading scholars, practitioners and officers of public, regional and international organisations interested in a critical analysis of the Alliance, its distinctiveness and likely future directions. The volume features contributions from the multi-disciplinary lens of law, political science and economics.

The Pacific Alliance, comprising Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, aims through a participatory and consensual manner to promote the free circulation of goods, services, capital and persons among its members, and to secure deep economic integration through collaboration across a broader set of policy areas than typically obtains in more traditional preferential trade agreements. This volume is of interest to policy makers and staff of international organizations involved in trade and investment negotiations, international economic governance in general as well as faculty, researchers and graduate students of these topics and of international political economy and comparative regionalism.


Regional Integration Comparative Regionalism Latin American Integration Preferental Trade Agreements The Pacific Alliance Challenges in Trade and Investment Governance Joining the Pacific Alliance Economic Impact and the Pacific Alliance European Union and the Pacific Alliance Pacific Alliance’s Policy Research Priorities Global Trade Agreements

Editors and affiliations

  • Pierre Sauvé
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Polanco Lazo
    • 2
  • José Manuel Álvarez Zárate
    • 3
  1. 1.World Bank GroupGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.World Trade InstituteUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Universidad ExternadoBogotáColombia

About the editors

Pierre Sauvé

Pierre Sauvé serves as a Senior Trade Specialist in the Geneva office of the World Bank Group. Previously, he served as Director of External Programs and Academic Partnerships at the University of Bern's World Trade Institute (WTI), in Switzerland. He holds visiting professor appointments at the WTI and at the University of Barcelona. He taught at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Paris and at the London School of Economics and Political Science in 2003-05. He served as a senior economist in the OECD Trade Directorate from 1993-2002, a period during which he also taught at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and was appointed Non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. (1998-2000). He served as services negotiator within the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade's Office of North American Free Trade Negotiations (1991-93). He was previously a staff member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in Geneva, Switzerland (1988-91) and of the Bank for International Settlements, in Basel, Switzerland (1987-88). Mr. Sauvé was educated in economics and international relations at the Université du Québec à Montreal and Carleton University in Canada and at Cambridge and Oxford universities in the United Kingdom. His research interests lie in the areas of services trade, the regulation of foreign direct investment and comparative regional integration, issues on which he has published extensively. His latest book, co-edited with Martin Roy and entitled “Research Handbook on Trade in Services”, was published by Edgar Elgar 2016.


Rodrigo Polanco

Rodrigo is a senior lecturer and researcher at the World Trade Institute of the University of Bern. He is also a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Luzern and a visiting professor at the University of Chile, where he also served as an assistant professor and director of international relations of the Faculty of Law. Rodrigo is a published scholar and legal practitioner with experience in both the public and private sectors. His areas of specialization are international economic law, investment law, international trade law and international environmental law, with numerous specialized publications.

He holds a Bachelor and a Master of Laws from Universidad de Chile School of Law, an LL.M. in International Legal Studies from New York University (NYU) School of Law, and a PhD from the University of Bern, specialised in international investment law. Rodrigo is a visiting professor at Universidad Externado Colombia and member of the editorial team of their Law and Economy Review (Contexto), and a visiting professor and research external evaluator of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP). He is also a co-founder of Fiscalía del Medio Ambiente (FIMA) a Chilean non-profit environmental organisation where he serves as director of their environmental law journal (Justicia Ambiental).

Jose Manuel Alvarez-Zárate

Jose Manuel Alvarez-Zárate is a professor at Externado University of Colombia in the Law and Economics Department where he runs the International Economic Law (IEL)  program. He holds a degree in Administrative Law and a Ph. D. He has been visiting scholar at American University Washington College of Law, Fundación Getulio Vargas, Río de Janeiro, Brazil, and Visiting Research Fellow, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London. He has been teaching and practicing in the fields of trade, investment, administrative regulatory law and dispute settlement for more than thirty years and has been widely published. His legal experience includes consultancy for private and public entities in trade negotiations and international business, as well as acting as counsel before administrative courts, local and international arbitration panels and the Andean Tribunal.

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