Paths of Inequality in Brazil

A Half-Century of Changes

  • Marta Arretche

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Political Participation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Fernando Limongi, José Antonio Cheibub, Argelina Figueiredo
      Pages 3-24
    3. Adrian Gurza Lavalle, Leonardo Sangali Barone
      Pages 25-44
  3. Education and Income

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 45-45
    2. Carlos Antonio Costa Ribeiro, Ricardo Ceneviva, Murillo Marschner Alves de Brito
      Pages 47-68
    3. Naercio Menezes Filho, Charles Kirschbaum
      Pages 69-88
    4. Carlos Antonio Costa Ribeiro, Rogerio Schlegel
      Pages 89-112
    5. Marcia Lima, Ian Prates
      Pages 113-134
  4. Public Policies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
    2. Eduardo C. L. Marques
      Pages 163-181
    3. Vera Schattan P. Coelho, Marcelo Dias
      Pages 183-205
  5. Demographics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 207-207
    2. Maria Coleta Ferreira Albino de Oliveira, Joice Melo Vieira, Glaucia dos Santos Marcondes
      Pages 233-255
    3. Ronaldo Romulo Machado de Almeida, Rogério Jerônimo Barbosa
      Pages 257-284
  6. Labor Market

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 285-285
    2. Nadya Araujo Guimarães, Murillo Marschner Alves de Brito, Leonardo Sangali Barone
      Pages 309-329
    3. Marta Arretche
      Pages 331-354
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 355-362

About this book


This book presents multidisciplinary analyses of the historical trajectories of social and economic inequalities in Brazil over the last 50 years. As one of the most unequal countries in the world, Brazil has always been an important case study for scholars interested in inequality research, but in the last decades a new phenomenon has renewed these researchers’ interest in the country: while the majority of democracies in the developed world have witnessed an increase in income inequality from the 1970s on, Brazil has followed the opposite path, registering a significant reduction of income inequality over the last 30 years.

Bringing together studies carried out by experts from different areas, such as economists, sociologists, demographers and political scientists, this volume presents insights based on rigorous analyses of statistical data in an effort to explain the long term changes in social and economic inequalities in Brazil. The book adopts a multidisciplinary approach, analyzing the relations between income inequality and different dimensions of social life, such as education, health, political participation, public policies, demographics and labor market.  

All of this makes Paths of Inequality in Brazil – A Half-Century of Change a very valuable resource for social scientists interested in inequality research in general, and especially for sociologists, political scientists and economists interested in the social and economic changes that Brazil went through over the last two decades.


Income inequality in Brazil Income inequality in Latin America Inequality reduction in Brazil Poverty reduction in Brazil Brazilian social policies Brazilian economy Political participation in Brazil Education and inequality in Brazil Health and inequality in Brazil Labor market and inequality in Brazil Racial inequalities in Brazil Housing and urban conditions in Brazil Infant mortality in Brazil Life expectancy in Brazil Demographics changes in Brazil Gender and inequality in Brazil

Editors and affiliations

  • Marta Arretche
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Social Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-78183-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-78184-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site