The Quantization of Gravity

  • Claus Gerhardt

Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 194)

Table of contents

About this book


​A unified quantum theory incorporating the four fundamental forces of nature is one of the major open problems in physics. The Standard Model combines electro-magnetism, the strong force and the weak force, but ignores gravity. The quantization of gravity is therefore a necessary first step to achieve a unified quantum theory. In this monograph a canonical quantization of gravity has been achieved by quantizing a geometric evolution equation resulting in a gravitational wave equation in a globally hyperbolic spacetime. Applying the technique of separation of variables we obtain eigenvalue problems for temporal and spatial self-adjoint operators where the temporal operator has a pure point spectrum with eigenvalues $\lambda_i$ and related eigenfunctions, while, for the spatial operator, it is possible to find corresponding eigendistributions  for each of the eigenvalues $\lambda_i$, if the Cauchy hypersurface is asymptotically Euclidean or if the quantized spacetime is a black hole with a negative cosmological constant. The hyperbolic equation then has a sequence of smooth solutions which are  products of temporal eigenfunctions and spatial eigendistributions. Due to this "spectral resolution" of the wave equation quantum statistics can also be applied to the quantized systems. These quantum statistical results could help to explain the nature of dark matter and dark energy.  


Quantum theory of gravity Quantization of gravity Unified quantum theory Unified field theory Yang-Mills field Mass gap Spinor field Unified field theory Quantum statistics Dark energy density Explaining dark matter and dark energy

Authors and affiliations

  • Claus Gerhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte MathematikRuprecht-Karls-UniversitätHeidelbergGermany

Bibliographic information