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© 2019

Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning

A Framework

  • Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
  • Haneen Khreis

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction and Key Concepts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis
      Pages 3-16
    3. Garett Sansom, Kent E. Portney
      Pages 31-49
    4. Suzanne H. Crowhurst Lennard
      Pages 51-71
    5. Roderick J. Lawrence
      Pages 89-109
  3. Planning and Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 111-111
    2. Bianca Hermansen, Bettina Werner, Hilde Evensmo, Michela Nota
      Pages 113-133
    3. Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
      Pages 155-171
    4. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jeroen Bastiaanssen, Stephanie Sersli, E. Owen D. Waygood, Haneen Khreis
      Pages 199-219
    5. Marcus Grant
      Pages 221-250
  4. Accessibility and Mobility

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 251-251
    2. Mark Stevenson, Brendan Gleeson
      Pages 271-285
    3. Anthony D. May
      Pages 307-324

About this book

Introduction

This volume brings together the world’s leading experts on urban and transport planning, environmental exposures, physical activity, health and health impact assessment to discuss challenges and solutions in cities. The book provides a conceptual framework and work program for actions and outlines future research needs. It presents the current evidence-base, the benefits of and numerous case studies on integrating health and the environment into urban development and transport planning. Within cities there is a considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as ambient air pollution, noise, and temperature, green space availability and physical activity. Many of these exposures, and their adverse health impacts, are related to and are being exacerbated by urban and transport planning and policy. Emerging research suggests that urban and transport planning indicators such as road network, distance to major roads, traffic density, household density, industry, and natural and green space can explain a large proportion of the variability in environmental exposures and therefore represent important and highly modifiable factors.

The urban environment is a complex interlinked system. Decision-makers need not only better data on the complexity of factors in environmental and developmental processes affecting human health, but also an enhanced understanding of the linkages between these factors and health effects to determine at which level to target their actions most effectively. In recent years, there also has been a shift from trying to change at the national level to more comprehensive and ambitious actions being developed and implemented at the regional and local levels. Cities have come to the forefront of providing solutions for environmental issues such as climate change, which has co-benefits for health, but yet need better knowledge for wider health-centric action. This book provides the latest and most up-to-date information and studies for academics and practitioners alike.


Keywords

Urban environmental exposures Urban and transport planning Urban development Urban health Resilience Built environment and physical activity Green space in cities Social cohesion Health impact assessment of active transportation Informal settlements

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
    • 1
  • Haneen Khreis
    • 2
  1. 1.Barcelona Institute for Global HealthISGlobalBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Center for Advancing Research in Transportation Emissions, Energy, and HealthCollege StationUSA

About the editors

Prof. Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen is a world leading expert in environmental exposure assessment, epidemiology, and health risk/impact assessment with a strong focus and interest on healthy urban living. He has experience and expertise in areas of all cause mortality, respiratory and cardiovascular disease, mental health and cognitive function, cancer and reproductive health, and exposure measurement and modelling of indoor and outdoor air pollution, green space, UV exposure, noise, temperature and physical activity, using new technology such as GIS, smartphones, personal sensors, and remote sensing. He has edited three books on exposure assessment and on environmental epidemiology, and has co-authored more than 350 papers published in peer reviewed journals.

Dr. Haneen Khreis is a cross-disciplinary expert in the health impacts of transport planning and policy. She has experience in transport planning and engineering, vehicle emissions, air quality, exposure assessment, epidemiology, health impact and burden of disease assessment, child health, policy options generation, knowledge translation, cross-disciplinary collaboration, and the science-policy link in transport and health. She has published extensively on the topic and is editing a new book on Traffic-Related Air Pollution, Human Exposures and Health.


Bibliographic information