© 2018

The Kalām Cosmological Argument: A Reassessment


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Jacobus Erasmus
    Pages 1-11
  3. Historical Background of the Kalām Cosmological Argument

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 15-40
    3. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 41-52
    4. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 53-64
    5. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 65-78
    6. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 79-88
  4. A Defence of the Kalām Cosmological Argument

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 89-89
    2. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 91-108
    3. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 109-127
    4. Jacobus Erasmus
      Pages 159-182
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 183-186

About this book


This book offers a discussion of the kalām cosmological argument, and presents a defence of a version of that argument after critically evaluating three of the most important versions of the argument. It argues that, since the versions of the kalām cosmological argument defended by Philoponus (c. 490–c. 570), al-Ghazālī (1058– 1111), and the contemporary philosopher, William Lane Craig, all deny the possibility of the existence of an actual infinite, these arguments are incompatible with Platonism and the view that God foreknows an endless future. This conclusion, however, is not a problem for the proponents of the kalām cosmological argument, for the book shows how the argument can be defended without denying the possibility of the actual infinite.

In order to offer a comprehensive analysis of Philoponus and al-Ghazālī’s cosmological arguments, the book draws on recent English translations of some of their works. Next, the book advances a detailed argument against the popular argument based on the impossibility of an actual infinite. Finally, the book offers a unique defence of the kalām cosmological argument by defending philosophical arguments for a beginning of time that do not deny the actual infinite, evaluating which hypothesis best explains the discoveries of modern cosmology, and offering an argument in support of the premise that, if the universe came into existence, then God brought it into existence.


Actual and Potential Infinite Al-Ghazali’s Cosmological Argument Cosmological Argument Cosmology and Theism Divine Attributes God’s Infinite Nature John Philoponus Kalam Cosmological Argument Natural Theology William Lane Craig’s Cosmological Argument

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.School of Philosophy, Faculty of HumanitiesNorth-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa

About the authors

Jacobus Erasmus is currently a postdoctoral researcher at North-West University, South Africa. He received his PhD in 2016 from North-West University and was awarded the Merit Prize in 2015 by the university’s School of Philosophy for superior performance for his doctoral dissertation. Jacobus Erasmus also holds an Honours Degree in IT and he is a part-time computer scientist and programmer. His main research interests include Natural Theology, Philosophy of Religion, and Metaphysics. 


Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Kalām Cosmological Argument: A Reassessment
  • Authors Jacobus Erasmus
  • Series Title Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures
  • Series Abbreviated Title Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-73437-8
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-89248-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-73438-5
  • Series ISSN 2211-1107
  • Series E-ISSN 2211-1115
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIII, 186
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Philosophy of Religion
    Christian Theology
    Islamic Theology
    Classical Studies
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