© 2017

Self-Determination and Humanitarian Secession in International Law of a Globalized World

Kosovo v. Crimea


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa
    Pages 1-6
  3. Self-Determination and Secession Versus Territorial Integrity in International Law

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa
      Pages 35-50
  4. The Independence of Kosovo and Crimea in the Light of Contemporary International Law

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 51-51
    2. Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa
      Pages 53-79
    3. Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa
      Pages 107-135
  5. The Emergence of Humanitarian Secession as a Response to Humanitarian Crises

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa
      Pages 179-187
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 189-204

About this book


This book addresses questions in connection with the international legal regime on demands for secession, which have arisen in various States. More specifically, it examines the unilateral declarations of independence by Kosovo in 2008, and by Crimea and its subsequent annexation by the Russian Federation in 2014. 
The work investigates the two cases so as to shed light on the international legal regime affecting entities that are smaller than a sovereign State. It analyzes the relevant principles of international law, the intention being to determine their scope and review them in light of the most recent practice and developments in international law. 
In turn, the book examines and explains the events of relevance for international law that occurred in the changing situations in Kosovo and Crimea. On the basis of these legal considerations, it explores how the international community can respond when faced with situations that may violate international law, together with the effectiveness of various measures. It also discusses whether certain situations might be legitimate as a concept could now be emerging that secession may be justified in specific circumstances, such as serious and widespread violations of basic human rights.


Kosovo ius cogens Territorial integrity Unilateral secession Declaration of Independence Annexation Humanitarian crisis Crimea Self-determination Secession Recognition of States Remedial Secession Humanitarian Secession

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of LeonLeonSpain

About the authors

Juan Francisco Escudero Espinosa is Associate Professor in Public International Law and International Relations at the University of Leon, Leon, Spain.

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