© 2018

Sustainability and Resilience Planning for Local Governments

The Quadruple Bottom Line Strategy


Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)

About this book


This book details a process of creating long-term sustainability and resilience plan for local governments to use for designing and implementing sustainability and resilience policies, initiatives, and programs. It offers guidance, strategies, and methods in applying sustainability and resilience planning to attain the prosperity of organizations and communities. The recommendations in this book are based on the author's years of direct experience in directing applied resilience and sustainability planning for a local government, and years of research covering diverse aspects of sustainability and resilience from climate change, climate preparedness and readiness, triple bottom line impact, quadruple bottom line strategy, carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emission policies, climate adaptation and climate change mitigation to sustainable energy policies and practices. 

Chapter one defines terms related to sustainability and resilience, how the topics reshape local governments and communities. Chapter two maps out the sustainability process for organizations and communities, determining the appropriate steps to be taken at each level of sustainability and resilience planning. Chapter three identifies community and organizational level engagement, internal and external stakeholders,  including designs necessary throughout these processes. Chapter four involves measuring, tracking, monitoring and reporting using the quadruple bottom line strategy, and developing a sustainability and resilience progress report to ensure accountability, transparency, and good governance. Then, chapter five details the implementation of a sustainability/resilience plan once it is established, describing potential programs and initiatives to achieve sustainable and resilient communities. Chapter six describes the intersection between sustainability and resilience, and chapter seven examines the tools and resources available to create effective sustainability and resilience plan. Chapter eight concludes the text by addressing the future of sustainability and resilience, and complexities of the modern dynamics of the interconnected systems in cities, counties, and organizations, and recommends how local government administrators in their planning methods and strategies must consider these challenges.


Resilience planning guide Sustainability planning Triple Bottom Line Urban planning Greenhouse gas emissions Modern dynamics of interconnected systems Adaptability Responsibility

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of West FloridaPensacolaUSA

About the authors

Dr. Haris Alibašić is an Assistant Professor in the Public Administration Program at the University of West Florida. He earned his masters in public administration at Grand Valley State University in 2004, and his Ph.D. in Public Policy and Administration at Walden University in 2014. His areas of expertise include sustainability, climate preparedness and resilience, urban politics, political economy, public administration, ethics, budgeting and finance, and policy. Prior to joining academic, Dr. Alibašić had 22 years of expertise and experience in the public sector, including working for the United Nations Mission and the Office of High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina and directing energy, sustainability, and legislative affairs policies and programs for Grand Rapids,  Michigan. Dr. Alibašić is a founder of Alibasic & Associates, LLC, a consulting firm offering services in resilience and sustainability planning, strategic planning, and sustainable energy policy. In 2013, Dr. Alibašić advised the Resilient Communities of America on climate resilience and went on to serve as co-chair for the energy sector of the White House Climate Preparedness and Resilience Task Force in 2014. In March 2017, Dr. Alibašić was appointed by the City Council to the City of Pensacola Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Task Force. Dr. Alibašić has written and published extensively on the topics of public administration, administrative evil, sustainability, climate resilience, economic development, and sustainable energy. 

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


“As a primer, the strengths of Alibašić’s book include: 1) a comprehensive discussion of the history of sustainability and resilience planning; 2) definitions of key terms; and, 3) ideas for and examples of communities—“spotlights”—where these ideas have been implemented. Importantly, the approach Alibašić advocates for public administrators to implement and ensure sustainability and resilience also includes metrics for assessing progress along the way, further ensuring that the rhetoric will be translated into tangible achievements. In this way, Alibašić offers what might be called an “integrated approach” for planning: context, theory, application, assessment, and recommendations for future planning.
Alibašić’s book also provides those who teach public administration—especially those teaching courses in county/city/municipal governance—a helpful resource.” (Richard M. Jacobs, Ph.D., Professor of Public Administration, Department of Public Administration, Villanova University, Villanova, PA)

“Haris Alibašić has written a masterful primer for those interested in sustainability and resilience.  The concise and factual review of the roles local government portrayed in this book is a must-read for any elected and appointed official in counties, cities, townships, and villages.  From practical to theoretical, the author weaves through an important narrative on why cities and their leaders must engage in sustainability and resilience planning. For those who live and breathe city planning, this book offers a greater understanding of how we implement and measure the quality of life and sustainable improvements in our cities, preparing them for the worst and the best of times ahead.” (John Dailey, The City of Tallahassee, Mayor)