© 2018

Human Trafficking and Security in Southern Africa

The South African and Mozambican Experience


  • Provides a global overview of human trafficking and case studies with in-depth analysis of the issue in South Africa and Mozambique

  • Offers frameworks and policy recommendations for understanding and addressing the security dimensions of human trafficking

  • Analyzes existing international, regional, and national anti-trafficking legislation, with special focus on the region of Southern Africa


Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 1-10
  3. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 11-66
  4. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 67-117
  5. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 119-150
  6. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 151-183
  7. Richard Obinna Iroanya
    Pages 225-243
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 245-253

About this book


This book investigates the links between human trafficking and national security in Southern Africa. Human trafficking violates borders, supports organised crime and corrupts border officials, and yet policymakers rarely view the persistence of human trafficking as a security issue. Adopting an expanded conceptualisation of security to encompass the individual as well as the state, Richard Obinna Iroanya lays the groundwork for understanding human trafficking as a security threat. He outlines the conditions and patterns of human trafficking globally before moving into detailed case studies of South Africa and Mozambique. Together, these case studies bring into focus the lives of the ‘hidden population’ in the region, with analysis and policy recommendations for combating a global phenomenon. 


history of human trafficking in Africa white slavery Trafficking in Southern Africa International Organisation for Migration human trafficking as a security issue human trafficking in Mozambique threats to national security South Africa's human trafficking law organised crime in South Africa human security supply states Palermo Protocol identifying victims of human trafficking trafficking in Mozambique international law Palermo Convention

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Thabo Mbeki African Leadership InstituteUniversity of South AfricaPretoriaSouth Africa

About the authors

Richard Obinna Iroanya is a member of the Thabo Mbeki African Leadership Institute, University of South Africa. Formerly a research fellow at the Africa Institute of South Africa, he is the co-editor of Towards Africa-oriented Risk Analysis Models.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Human Trafficking and Security in Southern Africa
  • Book Subtitle The South African and Mozambican Experience
  • Authors Richard Obinna Iroanya
  • Series Title African Histories and Modernities
  • Series Abbreviated Title African Histories and Modernities
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-71987-0
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-89128-6
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-71988-7
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XV, 253
  • Number of Illustrations 1 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics African History
    African Politics
    International Security Studies
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“This is a layered analysis of human trafficking in Southern Africa contextualised through a well-documented cross section of human trafficking cases. Richard Iroanya effectively describes in detail the regional labour demand and supply factors that dictate human trafficking’s gendered outcomes. This book presents an articulate, well-organized argument for national security measures to address human trafficking within a global context.” (Jamaine Abidogun, Professor Emeritus, History Department, Missouri State University, USA)

“Richard Iroanya has provided an insightful analysis of one of the most inscrutable socio-economic and political problems of our time, at a time when the scourge of human trafficking appears to defy any effective policy response. Iroanya offers an innovative interpretation by conceptualising human trafficking as a security phenomenon at global, regional and national levels. This book will be a valuable reference material for scholars, students, policy makers and the general public.” (Samuel Ojo Oloruntoba, Senior Lecturer at the Thabo Mbeki African Leadership Institute, University of South Africa)