© 2018

Breath Sounds

From Basic Science to Clinical Practice

  • Kostas N. Priftis
  • Leontios J. Hadjileontiadis
  • Mark L. Everard

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Andrew Bush
    Pages 1-11
  3. General Consideration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Robert Lethbridge, Mark L. Everard
      Pages 15-31
    3. Sotirios Fouzas, Michael B. Anthracopoulos, Abraham Bohadana
      Pages 33-52
    4. Patricias W. Garcia-Marcos, M. Innes Asher, Philippa Ellwood, Luis Garcia-Marcos
      Pages 53-73
    5. Hasse Melbye
      Pages 75-79
  4. Sound Recording, Analysis and Perception

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 81-81
    2. Steve S. Kraman
      Pages 105-118
    3. Yasemin P. Kahya
      Pages 119-137
    4. Leontios J. Hadjileontiadis, Zahra M. K. Moussavi
      Pages 139-177
  5. Respiratory Sounds

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 179-179
    2. Alda Marques, Ana Oliveira
      Pages 181-206
    3. Grigorios Chatziparasidis, Kostas N. Priftis, Andrew Bush
      Pages 207-223
    4. Konstantinos Douros, Vasilis Grammeniatis, Ioanna Loukou
      Pages 225-236
    5. Nicola Barker, Heather Elphick
      Pages 237-247
    6. Yaniv Zigel, Ariel Tarasiuk, Eliran Dafna
      Pages 249-266
    7. Saikiran Gopalakaje, Tony Sahama, Anne B. Chang
      Pages 267-287
  6. Where Are We Going?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 289-289

About this book


This book offers up-to-date information on the recording and analysis of respiratory sounds that will assist in clinical routine. The opening sections deliver basic knowledge on aspects such as the physics of sound and sound transmission in the body, a clear understanding of which is key to good clinical practice. Current techniques of breath sound analysis are described, and the diagnostic impact of advances in the processing of lung sound signals is carefully explained. With the aid of audio files that are available online, detailed guidance is then provided on differentiation of normal and abnormal breath sounds and identification of the various sounds, including crackles, wheezes, other lung sounds, cough sounds, and sounds of extrathoracic origin. The book is of high educational value and represents an excellent learning tool at pre- and postgraduate levels. It will also appeal to researchers as it provides comprehensive summaries of knowledge in particular research fields. The editors bring high-level expertise to the subject, including membership of the European Respiratory Society Task Force on the standardization of categories and nomenclature for breath sounds.


Crackles wheeze cough breath sound recording breath sound analysis breath sound nomenclature respiratory sounds extrathoracic sounds adventitious breath sounds

Editors and affiliations

  • Kostas N. Priftis
    • 1
  • Leontios J. Hadjileontiadis
    • 2
  • Mark L. Everard
    • 3
  1. 1.Children’s Respiratory and Allergy Unit, Third Department of Paediatrics “Attikon” HospitalNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Electrical & Computer EngineeringAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Division of Child Health, University of Western AustraliaPerth Children’s HospitalPerthAustralia

About the editors

Kostas N. Priftis, MD is Associate Professor in Paediatric Pulmonology, at the Children’s Respiratory and Allergy Unit, 3rd Department of Paediatrics, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Greece. He graduated from the Medical School of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (1976) and defended his PhD thesis at the University of Athens (1982). Completed his residency training in Paediatrics at the University of Patras (1985) and a research fellowship in Paediatric Respiratory Medicine at the University of Nottingham Medical School, UK (1989). His research focuses on childhood asthma, allergy and chronic endobronchial infections. He has authored more than 160 scientific publications in peer reviewed international journals (h-index = 38, Google Scholar), edited 5 books or special issues. 

Leontios J. Hadjileontiadis  received the Diploma (1989) and PhD (1997) degrees in Electrical and Computer Engineering (1989) from the Aristotle University of Thessaloni150 papers in peer reviewed international conference proceedings, 6 books, 2 books edited, 24 book chapters and 3 patents [h-index=34 (Google scholar), 28 (Scopus)]. He has a vast experience in project management and has been awarded, amongst other awards, as innovative researcher and champion faculty from Microsoft, USA. He is a Senior Member of IEEE.

Mark Everard is the McCusker Foundation Professor of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine at the University of Western Australia and Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth. His research includes the spectrum from bench top to bedside with particular interests in 'difficult asthma'; the interaction of the host and micro-organisms including respiratory microbiome, persistent bacterial bronchitis, viral-bacterial interaction, the respiratory syncytial virus and viral lower respiratory tract infections; aerosol therapy and the impact of patient behaviour on clinical outcomes. 

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Health & Hospitals
Internal Medicine & Dermatology


“This is a comprehensive resource on the origin, transmission, recording, and analysis of breath sounds, including an introduction to current and future respiratory sound research. Although it could be helpful to all clinicians, it is particularly of value to researchers in the field of respiratory sound recording and analysis.” (Santosh Dhungana, Doody's Book Reviews, August, 2018)