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The Pulvinar Thalamic Nucleus of Non-Human Primates: Architectonic and Functional Subdivisions

  • Ricardo Gattass
  • Juliana G.M. Soares
  • Bruss Lima

Part of the Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 225)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 1-4
  3. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 5-8
  4. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 9-14
  5. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 15-18
  6. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 19-29
  7. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 35-36
  8. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 37-37
  9. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 39-47
  10. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 49-51
  11. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 53-56
  12. Ricardo Gattass, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima
    Pages 57-60
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 61-66

About this book

Introduction

This book discusses the hypothesis that the primate pulvinar contains an original scaffold which is derived from cytoarchitectural markers and specific protein distributions. Thereafter, along primate evolution, different selective pressures acted in order to shape and fine-tune the connectivity of the pulvinar with specific regions of the neocortex. This divergence created, among other things, the different sets of retinotopic map representations in the pulvinar nucleus depending on functional and behavioral requirements of each species.

The pulvinar, the largest nucleus of the primate thalamus, has extensive and reciprocal connections with several areas of the neocortex. These input-output loops suggest that the pulvinar may regulate the flow of information within and between cortical areas in a highly dynamic fashion. Therefore, understanding the anatomical subdivisions within the pulvinar, and its connectivity with the cortex, is paramount to understanding pulvinar physiological function. However,  there is a stark contrast regarding the way that the pulvinar is subdivided depending on the technique employed. Cytoarchitectural and immunohistochemical methods reveal a very similar pattern of pulvinar subdivision across Old- and New-World monkeys. On the other hand, electrophysiological and connectivity studies expose clear discrepancies in pulvinar organization across primate evolution. 

Keywords

myeloarchitecture chemoarchitecture calbindin cytoarchitecture retinotopic map representations

Authors and affiliations

  • Ricardo Gattass
    • 1
  • Juliana G.M. Soares
    • 2
  • Bruss Lima
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Cognitive PhysiologyInstitute of Biophysics Carlos Chagas Filho, Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Cognitive PhysiologyInstitute of Biophysics Carlos Chagas Filho, Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of Cognitive PhysiologyInstitute of Biophysics Carlos Chagas Filho, Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70046-5
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-70045-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-70046-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0301-5556
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-7065
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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