Significant advances have been achieved in musculoskeletal injection procedures during the past two decades, supported by the rapid development of imaging technology and the resulting clear presentation of three-dimensional anatomy. However, these procedures require additional training and expertise not always provided in residency training programs.
This comprehensive book covers diagnostic and therapeutic intra- and extra-articular injection procedures for all joints and musculoskeletal regions. Each procedure is explained step by step, with discussion of indications, anatomy, pre- and postprocedural medications, needles, radiological equipment (conventional X-ray, US, and, when appropriate, CT, PET-CT, and MRI), patient positioning, technique, and aftercare. Potential difficulties are identified and helpful tips and tricks, provided. The lucid text is supported by informative drawings, model photographs, and radiological images.
This book will assist beginners in starting to carry out injections by providing clear, precise procedural instructions and guidance on equipment and medications. It is hoped that while using the book, the reader will gain confidence by feeling that the authors are standing alongside, ready to answer any question that may arise.