The Emergence of EU Defense Research Policy

From Innovation to Militarization

  • Nikolaos Karampekios
  • Iraklis Oikonomou
  • Elias G. Carayannis

Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Nikolaos Karampekios, Iraklis Oikonomou, Elias Carayannis
    Pages 1-11
  3. Theoretical Considerations

  4. Defense R&D and Industrial Collaboration

  5. Historical Background and Evolution

  6. Actors and Institutions

  7. Novel Themes of an Emerging Agenda

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 299-299
    2. Mark Akkerman
      Pages 337-355
    3. Nikolaos Karampekios, Iraklis Oikonomou, Elias Carayannis
      Pages 377-380

About this book


This book explores European security and defense R&D policy, unveiling the strategic, industrial, institutional and ideational sources of the European Commission’s military research initiative. Starting from a well-defined empirical epicentre—the rise of non-civilian R&D priorities in the European Union—this book covers interrelated themes and topics such as
  • approaches to arms production and R&D collaboration
  • relationships between European R&D-related institutions
  • technology and research foundations of European security policy
  • past and present European armament collaborations
  • transatlantic R&D collaboration
  • the militarization of border security.

Divided into 5 sections, the enclosed chapters explore the EU technology and innovation policy in regards to security, industrial competitiveness and military capabilities. The terrorist attacks in the US on September 11, 2001 provided a window of opportunity for the introduction of security as a distinct European R&D priority. In fact, since 2002, the Preparatory Action for Security Research (PASR) has funded 45 million euros to 39 research consortia to conduct security R&D. While the idea of pooling defense research efforts and programmes in Europe is not new, the establishment of institutions like the European Defense Agency (EDA) are a major step into institutionalizing European agencies involvement in supporting defense technology research. It is against this backdrop of policy developments that this book is positioned, in addition to addressing some of the political, economic, industrial and philosophical questions that arise.

Featuring contributions from a variety of academic fields and industries, this book will be of interest to scholars, researchers, students and policy makers in the fields of security policy, international relations, innovation, European studies and military studies.


Non-Civilian R&D EU Security Policy EU Defense Research European Defense Industrial Policy European Defense Research Program European Defense Agency (EDA) Militarized Border Security Arms Economy NATO and Transatlantic Relations European Armaments Collaborations Space-Related Security European Security Strategy (ESS)

Editors and affiliations

  • Nikolaos Karampekios
    • 1
  • Iraklis Oikonomou
    • 2
  • Elias G. Carayannis
    • 3
  1. 1.National Documentation Centre / NationalHellenic Research FoundationAthensGreece
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherAthensGreece
  3. 3.School of BusinessThe George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA

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