Test of Implicit Associations in Relationship Attitudes (TIARA)

Manual for a New Method

  • Victor Karandashev
  • Nicholas D. Evans

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Victor Karandashev, Nicholas D. Evans
    Pages 1-21
  3. Victor Karandashev, Nicholas D. Evans
    Pages 23-44
  4. Victor Karandashev, Nicholas D. Evans
    Pages 45-57
  5. Victor Karandashev, Nicholas D. Evans
    Pages 67-76
  6. Victor Karandashev, Nicholas D. Evans
    Pages 77-86
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 87-108

About this book


This volume presents a manual for a new method of studying implicit attitudes, the Test of Implicit Associations in Relationship Attitudes (TIARA). The main goal of this volume is to demonstrate how to study the implicit attitudes that people have toward others in their close relationships: friend, romantic partner, family member, etc.   Since the inception of the concept and measures of implicit cognition, researchers have developed a number of indirect measures to assess implicit attitudes. These similar yet different methods aim to account for different variables for reliable and valid operational definitions of implicit attitudes. Given the progress made in the field of implicit measures, there is great potential for further development and extension of these types of assessments. Many of these methods (especially the Implicit Attitude Test) are only limited to assessing attitudes within the comparison of two bipolar concepts. Therefore, TIARA was developed to be a manual for a new method of studying implicit attitudes in relationships. 

As described in this volume, TIARA shows that if a person strongly believes that certain feelings can be attributed to a target relationship figure, the reaction time is shorter since they are the most confident in their answer. Beginning with a grounded explanation of the theory behind TIARA, the volume then proceeds to explain its methods and procedures, and how to code, score, and interpret the results of TIARA. Next, the volume reports on six psychometric studies, which provide substantial evidence that TIARA is a valid and reliable measure to study implicit attitudes in relationship research. The volume concludes by exploring practical applications of TIARA as well as its future directions and current limitations. The detailed description of the TIARA method provides a practical and handy tutorial for using the method in research and practice for social and personality psychologists, as well as practitioners. 


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Authors and affiliations

  • Victor Karandashev
    • 1
  • Nicholas D. Evans
    • 2
  1. 1.PsychologyAquinas CollegeGrand RapidsUSA
  2. 2.PsychologyAquinas CollegeGrand RapidsUSA

Bibliographic information

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