© 2017

Natural Processes

Understanding Metaphysics Without Substance


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 1-15
  3. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 17-26
  4. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 27-45
  5. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 47-77
  6. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 79-88
  7. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 89-115
  8. Andrew M. Winters
    Pages 117-120
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 121-124

About this book


In thinking about ontology as the study of being or what fundamentally exists, we can adopt an ontology that either takes substances or processes as primary. There are, however, both commonsense and naturalistic reasons for not fully adopting a substance ontology, which indicate that we ought to suspend judgment with respect to the acceptance of a substance ontology. Doing so allows room to further explore other ontologies. In this book, Andrew M. Winters argues that there are both commonsense and naturalistic reasons for further pursuing a process ontology. Adopting a process ontology allows us to overcome many of the difficulties facing a substance ontology while also accommodating many of the phenomenon that substance ontologies were appealed to for explanation. Given these reasons, we have both commonsense and naturalistic reasons for pursuing and developing a metaphysics without substance. 


Ontology Whitehead McTaggart Ayer Carnap

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Slippery Rock University of PennsylvaniaSlippery RockUSA

About the authors

Andrew M. Winters teaches philosophy at Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, USA.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Natural Processes
  • Book Subtitle Understanding Metaphysics Without Substance
  • Authors Andrew M. Winters
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2017
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-67569-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-88449-3
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-67570-1
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVII, 124
  • Number of Illustrations 3 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Metaphysics
    Analytic Philosophy
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“Winters (Slippery Rock Univ.) argues that process metaphysics, a competitor to substance metaphysics largely marginalized in mainstream analytic philosophy, deserves more attention as an alternative framework for approaching natural explanation. … Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty.” (D. A. Forbes, Choice, Vol. 55 (9), May, 2018)