Industrial Ecology and Industry Symbiosis for Environmental Sustainability

Definitions, Frameworks and Applications

  • Xiaohong Li

About this book


This book opens up a critical dimension to the interdisciplinary field of Industrial Ecology (IE) and one of its four areas - Industrial Symbiosis (IS). Presenting the concept of closed-loop thinking, this timely book explains how industries and societies can achieve environmental sustainability, a necessity for today’s businesses. Providing a critical review of the definitions and developments of both IE and IS, this study establishes their fundamental role in improving environmental sustainability. The author identifies valuable lessons to be learned and presents conceptual frameworks to guide future IE and IS applications. Transforming industrial systems into closed-loop industrial ecosystems dramatically reduces the negative impact of industrial activities on the environment. Therefore, this book is an important read not only for operations management scholars, but also those who are interested in ensuring an environmentally sustainable future.


operations management supply chain sustainable business IS IE sustainable future

Authors and affiliations

  • Xiaohong Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Sheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods