© 2017

Timber Trafficking in Vietnam

Crime, Security and the Environment

  • Incorporates a human security approach into the green criminological framework to systematically reveal impacts of timber trafficking

  • Assesses the harmful effects of the crime on all seven elements of human security: economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community, and political

  • Includes in-depth interviews with a wide range of interviewees including timber traders and forest protection officers


Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Ngoc Anh Cao
    Pages 1-49
  3. Ngoc Anh Cao
    Pages 105-143
  4. Ngoc Anh Cao
    Pages 145-214
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 325-393

About this book


This book is the first systematic investigation into the problem of timber trafficking in Vietnam, providing a detailed understanding of the typology of, victimization from, and key factors driving this crime. The book first reveals a multifaceted pattern of timber trafficking in Vietnam, comprising five different components: harvesting, transporting, trading, supporting, and processing. It then assesses the crime’s victimization from timber trafficking. Thanks to the employment of a broad conceptual framework of human security, Cao reveals that timber trafficking has substantial harmful impacts on all seven elements of human security: economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community, and political; whilst being closely interconnected, they vary between different groups of victims. Cao concludes by offering five solutions to better control of timber trafficking in the context of Vietnam, which crucially involve refining the current policy framework of forest governance and improving the efficiency of law enforcement. A wide-ranging and timely study, this book will hold particular appeal for scholars of green criminology and environmental harm.


green criminology environment environmental crime environmentalism green victimisation logging security food economics forest asia

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.People’s Security AcademyHanoiVietnam

About the authors

Dr Cao Ngoc Anh is currently Vice Dean of Faculty of Security Staff and Command, People’s Security Academy, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Bibliographic information


“It is difficult to write a book that appeals to both scholars and communities of practice, and that has something important to say to both. But Ngoc Anh Cao has managed this very well indeed. I am delighted to have this work on my bookshelf.” (Lorraine Elliott, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, July, 2019)

“Demonstrating the value of adopting conceptually sophisticated and detailed study of environmental crimes, Cao Ngoc Anh provides a theoretically informed analysis of the dynamics of illegal logging in Vietnam. Close examination of the processes, players, victims and responses reveals complexities and challenges that are of global interest and significance. In the light of the importance of Asia in regards environmental crimes, this book provides vital insights into particular harms and threats to security, and what can be done to prevent these. A must read.” (Professor Rob White, University of Tasmania, Australia)

“Timber Trafficking in Vietnam: Crime, the Environment and Security is a highly original and valuable contribution to both the fields of criminology and security studies. Cao’s typologies of timber trafficking expose new dimensions to a crime that is often ignored by the criminological community. His unique synthesis of this green crime to non-traditional security is a framework that should be tested in other locations. Cao also provides interesting insight into a region where we know very little. An essential read for critical green criminologists and those working in security.” (Dr Tanya Wyatt, Associate Professor of Criminology, Northumbria University at Newcastle, UK)