© 2018

Water Security Across the Gender Divide

  • Christiane Fröhlich
  • Giovanna Gioli
  • Roger Cremades
  • Henri Myrttinen
  • This is the first book-length text to offer a gender-differentiated analysis of water security that also shows the complex and multidimensional factors underpinning water security and gender, including geophysical, environmental, economic and a variety of socio-political processes

  • Explores the gender-water nexus through a range of different lenses, including institutional, theoretical, practical and regional perspectives

  • Uses new and original data and goes far beyond political ecology to explore the fields of power, conflicts and security from a gender perspective


Part of the Water Security in a New World book series (WSEC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Henri Myrttinen, Roger Cremades, Christiane Fröhlich, Giovanna Gioli
      Pages 3-14
  3. Research and Policy Challenges

  4. Regional Perspectives on Gender and Water Security

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 59-59
    2. Mauro van Aken, Anita De Donato
      Pages 61-82
    3. Deepa Joshi, Natasha Donn-Arnold, Mart Kamphuis
      Pages 83-100
    4. Beatrice Mosello, Virginie Le Masson, Gladys Le Masson, Elena Diato, Véronique Barbelet
      Pages 101-124
    5. Chinwe Ifejika Speranza, Edward Bikketi
      Pages 125-150
  5. Gender-Positive Transformation Potentials in Water Conflicts

  6. Christiane Fröhlich, Giovanna Gioli, Roger Cremades, Henri Myrttinen
    Pages E1-E1
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 231-233

About this book


This book examines water security as a prime example of how the economic, socio-cultural and political-normative systems that regulate access to water reflect the evolving and gendered power relations between different societal groups. Access to water is characterized by inequalities: it depends not only on natural water availability, but also on the respective socio-political context. It is regulated by gender-differentiated roles and responsibilities towards the resource, which are strongly influenced by, among others, tradition, religion, customary law, geographical availability, as well as the historical and socio-political context.  

While gender has been recognized as a key intervening variable in achieving equitable water access, most studies fail to acknowledge the deep interrelations between social structures and patterns of water use. Proof of these shortcomings is the enduring lack of data on water accessibility, availability and utilization that sufficiently acknowledges the relational nature of gender and other categories of power and difference, like class and socioeconomic status, as well as their comprehensive analysis. This book addresses this major research gap.


disaggregated enquiry gender-water nexus securitization water accesibility water conflict

Editors and affiliations

  • Christiane Fröhlich
    • 1
  • Giovanna Gioli
    • 2
  • Roger Cremades
    • 3
  • Henri Myrttinen
    • 4
  1. 1.Universität HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)KathmanduNepal
  3. 3.Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS)HamburgGermany
  4. 4.International AlertLondonUnited Kingdom

About the editors

Christiane Fröhlich is a postdoctoral researcher at Universität Hamburg, Germany. With a background in environmental conflict research, she has worked extensively on water conflicts on the international, national and local levels, as well as on environmental drivers of human mobility, both with a regional focus on the Southern Mediterranean.

Giovanna Gioli works as Livelihoods Adaptation Specialist at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal.  Drawing on political ecology, participatory research, and critical geography, her research revolves around the nexus between livelihoods, human mobility and the environment, with a focus on South Asia. She also engages with water resources geography and hazards.

Roger Cremades is an environmental economist and works as research associate at the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), where he engages communities and decision-makers in his research about the nexus of water, land and energy in diverse environmental, technological and socio-economic contexts. He is a pioneer in the economics of this nexus. His water research has been published in Environmental Research Letters, Earth System Dynamics, and Earth’s Future. 

Henri Myrttinen, Head of Gender in Peacebuilding at International Alert, has over 15 years of experience working on gender, conflict sensitivity and peacebuilding. He has worked extensively in fragile and conflict-affected contexts and has also published numerous papers and chapters on various aspects of gender and peacebuilding, including integrating men and masculinities into peacebuilding, gender and reintegrating former combatants, gender and security sector reform, as well as gender and small arms. He holds a Ph.D. in Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, with a thesis on masculinities and violence in Timor-Leste.

Bibliographic information